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The electric field - An emerging driver in sample preparation


Wuethrich, A and Haddad, PR and Quirino, JP, The electric field - An emerging driver in sample preparation, TrAC - Trends in Analytical Chemistry, 80 pp. 604-611. ISSN 0165-9936 (2016) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Crown Copyright 2016 Elsevier B.V.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.trac.2016.04.016


An electric field can be combined with established sample preparation techniques or used as the sole driving force for sample preparation. The electric field is generally used for analyte extraction or sample purification, and in both cases this results in acceleration of the mass transfer of analytes or impurities from the sample into the acceptor phase. The sample and acceptor phases may be either in direct contact or separated by a liquid or solid membrane. This review introduces and highlights the advancements in electric field-assisted sample preparation from 2013-2015. The main sections are membrane and membrane-free approaches, including their application in the classical and microfluidic scale. The included membrane approaches are electrodialysis/ion concentration polarisation, three-phase liquid electroextraction, and electromembrane extraction. The membrane-free techniques are electric field-assisted solid-phase (micro)extraction, electrofiltration, electrophoretic concentration, and dielectrophoresis. There were 67 research articles covered and thus this is considered as an active area in analytical chemistry.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:electric field, green chemistry
Research Division:Chemical Sciences
Research Group:Analytical chemistry
Research Field:Separation science
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the chemical sciences
UTAS Author:Wuethrich, A (Mr Alain Wuethrich)
UTAS Author:Haddad, PR (Professor Paul Haddad)
UTAS Author:Quirino, JP (Associate Professor Lito Quirino)
ID Code:114819
Year Published:2016
Funding Support:Australian Research Council (FT100100213)
Web of Science® Times Cited:45
Deposited By:Chemistry
Deposited On:2017-02-28
Last Modified:2022-08-22

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