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The effects of seasonal processes on size spectrum dynamics

Citation

Datta, S and Blanchard, JL, The effects of seasonal processes on size spectrum dynamics, Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 73, (4) pp. 598-610. ISSN 0706-652X (2016) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2016 The Authors Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.en_GB

DOI: doi:10.1139/cjfas-2015-0468

Abstract

The recent advent of dynamic size spectrum models has allowed the analysis of life processes in marine ecosystems to be carried out without the high complexity arising from interspecies interactions within dense food webs. In this paper, we use "mizer", a size spectrum modelling framework, to investigate the consequences of including the seasonal processes of plankton blooms and batch spawning in the model dynamics. A multispecies size spectrum model is constructed using 12 common North Sea fish species, with growth, predation, and mortality explicitly modelled, before simulating both seasonal plankton blooms and batch spawning of fish (using empirical data on the spawning patterns of each species). The effect of seasonality on the community size spectrum is investigated; it is found that with seasonal processes included, the species spectra are more varied over time, while the aggregated community spectrum remains fairly similar. Growth of seasonally spawning mature individuals drops significantly during peak reproduction, although lifetime growth curves follow nonseasonal ones closely. On analysing properties of the community spectrum under different fishing scenarios, seasonality generally causes more varied spectrum slopes and lower yields. Under seasonal conditions, increasing fishing effort also results in greater temporal variability of fisheries yields due to truncation of the community spectrum towards smaller sizes. Further work is needed to evaluate robustness of management strategies in the context of a wider range of seasonal processes and behavioural strategies, as well as longer term environmental variability and change.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:size spectrum, ecosystem modelling, fisheries
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Ecology
Research Field:Community Ecology
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Ecosystem Assessment and Management
Objective Field:Ecosystem Assessment and Management at Regional or Larger Scales
Author:Blanchard, JL (Dr Julia Blanchard)
ID Code:114775
Year Published:2016
Web of Science® Times Cited:2
Deposited By:Centre for Ecology and Biodiversity
Deposited On:2017-02-27
Last Modified:2017-11-08
Downloads:9 View Download Statistics

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