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Australian rural, remote and urban community nurses' health promotion role and function


Roden, J and Jarvis, L and Campbell-Crofts, S and Whitehead, D, Australian rural, remote and urban community nurses' health promotion role and function, Health Promotion International, 31, (3) pp. 704-714. ISSN 0957-4824 (2016) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.

DOI: doi:10.1093/heapro/dav018


Community nurses have often been 'touted' as potential major contributors to health promotion. Critical literature, however, often states that this has not been the case. Furthermore, most studies examining nurses' role and function have occurred mainly in hospital settings. This is a sequential mixed-methods study of two groups of community nurses from a Sydney urban area (n = 100) and from rural and remote areas (n = 49) within New South Wales, Australia. A piloted questionnaire survey was developed based on the five action areas of the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion. Following this, 10 qualitative interviews were conducted for both groups, plus a focus group to support or refute survey results. Findings showed that rural and remote nurses had more positive attitudes towards health promotion and its clinical implementation. Survey and interview data confirmed that urban community nurses had a narrower focus on caring for individuals rather than groups, agreeing that time constraints impacted on their limited health promotion role. There was agreement about lack of resources (material and people) to update health promotion knowledge and skills. Rural and remote nurses were more likely to have limited educational opportunities. All nurses undertook more development of personal skills (DPS, health education) than any other action area. The findings highlight the need for more education and resources for community nurses to assist their understanding of health promotion concepts. It is hoped that community nurse leaders will collectively become more effective health promoters and contribute to healthy reform in primary health care sectors.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:community nurses; health promotion role and function; rural and remote settings; urban settings
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Health services and systems
Research Field:Health and community services
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Specific population health (excl. Indigenous health)
Objective Field:Rural and remote area health
UTAS Author:Campbell-Crofts, S (Ms Sandra Campbell-Crofts)
ID Code:114705
Year Published:2016
Web of Science® Times Cited:11
Deposited By:Health Sciences
Deposited On:2017-02-24
Last Modified:2017-06-20

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