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Women prisoners’ sexual victimisation: ongoing vulnerabilities and possible responses


Bartels, L and Easteal, P, Women prisoners' sexual victimisation: ongoing vulnerabilities and possible responses, Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice, 2, (3) pp. 206-216. ISSN 2056-3841 (2016) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

© Emerald Group Publishing Limited 2016

DOI: doi:10.1108/JCRPP-06-2015-0020


Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore the incidence and impact of exposure to sexual victimisation for women in the criminal justice system. Key ongoing vulnerabilities in respect of mental health and substance abuse, and their contribution to women’s offending, are examined. Treatment responses to address these women’s trauma in custodial settings are then discussed. It is argued that a therapeutic approach is required to provide a holistic response to victimised women offenders. Unfortunately, instead of doing so, many prisons’ ethos and approaches may actually produce a further layer of vulnerability. The paper concludes with commentary on future directions for research and practice.

Design/methodology/approach: The researchers undertook a desk-based literature review, using search terms such as "women", "corrections", "sexual abuse and/or victimisation" and "trauma". The literature was analysed through a feminist framework, adopting a vulnerability paradigm.

Findings: The paper analyses the incidence and impact of sexual victimisation on women prisoners and notes that comprehensive trauma-informed care in custodial settings is needed but highly problematic within a prison context.

Research limitations/implications: The researchers focused primarily on Australia, and the conclusions may therefore be of more limited relevance to imprisoned women in other countries.

Practical implications: The paper suggests good practice requirements for delivering trauma-informed care to victimised women prisoners. Non-custodial alternatives to imprisonment are likely to be more sensitive to many female offenders’ layers of vulnerability.

Originality/value: This paper highlights the relationship between women offenders’ sexual victimisation histories, substance abuse, mental illness and offending behaviour, and demonstrates the need for and challenges in delivering trauma-informed care. The originality derives from the examination of the three rules of abuse (and prisons) and how they correlate with multiple vulnerabilities, which leads to the conclusion that prison is not the best place for rehabilitation of most women.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:substance abuse, mental illness, women, trauma, prison, sexual victimization
Research Division:Law and Legal Studies
Research Group:Public law
Research Field:Public law not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in law and legal studies
UTAS Author:Bartels, L (Ms Lorana Bartels)
ID Code:114695
Year Published:2016
Deposited By:Law
Deposited On:2017-02-24
Last Modified:2017-10-27

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