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Metaboloepigenetic regulation of pluripotent stem cells

Citation

Harvey, AJ and Rathjen, J and Gardner, DK, Metaboloepigenetic regulation of pluripotent stem cells, Stem Cells International, 2016 Article 1816525. ISSN 1687-966X (2016) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2016 Alexander J. Harvey et al. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

DOI: doi:10.1155/2016/1816525

Abstract

The differentiation of pluripotent stem cells is associated with extensive changes in metabolism, as well as widespread remodeling of the epigenetic landscape. Epigenetic regulation is essential for the modulation of differentiation, being responsible for cell type specific gene expression patterns through the modification of DNA and histones, thereby establishing cell identity. Each cell type has its own idiosyncratic pattern regarding the use of specific metabolic pathways. Rather than simply being perceived as a means of generating ATP and building blocks for cell growth and division, cellular metabolism can directly influence cellular regulation and the epigenome. Consequently, the significance of nutrients and metabolites as regulators of differentiation is central to understanding how cells interact with their immediate environment. This review serves to integrate studies on pluripotent stem cell metabolism, and the regulation of DNA methylation and acetylation and identifies areas in which current knowledge is limited.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:metabolism, epigenetics, pluripotency
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Biochemistry and Cell Biology
Research Field:Cell Metabolism
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences
Author:Rathjen, J (Dr Joy Rathjen)
ID Code:114647
Year Published:2016
Web of Science® Times Cited:3
Deposited By:Medicine (Discipline)
Deposited On:2017-02-22
Last Modified:2017-11-08
Downloads:10 View Download Statistics

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