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Southern Ocean [in 'State of the Climate in 2014]

Citation

Meredith, MP and Mazloff, M and Sallee, J-B and Newman, L and Wahlin, A and Williams, MJM and Naviera Garabato, AC and Swart, S and Montiero, P and Mata, MM and Schmidtko, S, Southern Ocean [in 'State of the Climate in 2014], American Meteorological Society. Bulletin, 97, (8) pp. S157-S160. ISSN 0003-0007 (2015) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright 2017 American Meteorological Society

Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/2015BAMSStateoftheClimat...

DOI: doi:10.1175/2016BAMSStateoftheClimate.1

Abstract

The Southern Ocean (oceans poleward of 60°S) exerts a disproportionately strong influence on global climate, so determining its changing state is of key importance in understanding the planetary-scale system (Meredith et al. 2013). This is a consequence of the connectedness of the Southern Ocean, which links the other major ocean basins and is a site of strong lateral fluxes of climatically important tracers (Lumpkin and Speer 2007). It is also a consequence of processes occurring within the Southern Ocean, including the vigorous overturning circulation that leads to the formation of new water masses (Marshall and Speer 2012), and to the strong exchange of carbon, heat, and other climatically relevant properties at the ocean surface (Sallée et al. 2012). However, determining the state of the Southern Ocean in a given year is even more problematic than for other ocean basins, due to the paucity of observations (see Sidebar 6.2). Nonetheless, using the limited data available, some key aspects of the state of the Southern Ocean in 2014 can be ascertained.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:climate, Southern Ocean
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Oceanography
Research Field:Physical Oceanography
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Other Environment
Objective Field:Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Oceanography
Author:Newman, L (Dr Louise Newman)
ID Code:114621
Year Published:2015
Deposited By:Centre for Oceans and Cryosphere
Deposited On:2017-02-22
Last Modified:2017-03-07
Downloads:18 View Download Statistics

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