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Chapter 35. Extent of Assessment of Marine Biological Diversity

Citation

Miloslavich, P and Webb, T and Snelgrove, P and Vanden Berghe, E and Kaschner, K and Halpin, PN and Reeves, RR and Lascelles, B and Tarzia, M and Wallace, BP and Dulvy, N and Simpfendorfer, CA and Schillinger, G and Boustany, A and Collette, BB and Graves, JE and Obura, D and Edwards, M and Clark, M and Stocks, K and Morato, T and Tunnicliffe, V and Hopcroft, R and Archambault, P and Pepin, P and Tunnell Jr, JW and Moretzsohn, F and Escobar-Briones, E and Ojaveer, H and Gobin, J and Nakaoka, M and Fujikura, K and Yamano, H and Li, X and Venkataraman, K and Raghunathan, C and Griffiths, CL and Bax, NJ and Butler, AJ and Brandt, A and Griffiths, H and Rice, J, Chapter 35. Extent of Assessment of Marine Biological Diversity, The First Global Integrated Marine Assessment World Ocean Assessment I, United Nations, L Innis, A Simcock (ed), United Nations General Assembly, pp. 1-58. (2015) [Other Book Chapter]


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Abstract

This chapter provides a summary of currently assessed marine biodiversity in terms of its coverage for the most conspicuous and well known taxonomic groups, particular ecosystems, and large geographic regions. Assessments will be focused on the evaluation of the state of knowledge of marine biodiversity; however, for some groups, such evaluations are provided indirectly by studies aimed to establish threat and or risk status. The groups that have been summarized globally are the sea mammals (cetaceans and pinnipeds), seabirds, sea turtles, sharks, tunas, billfish, corals, and plankton. The special ecosystems are seamounts, vents, and seeps. Regional summaries of coverage of assessments are provided whenever possible for large basins, such as North Atlantic, South Atlantic, North Pacific, South Pacific, Indian Ocean, Arctic Ocean, and Southern Ocean. However, in some cases, information is compiled by countries (e.g., Canada) when these have more than one basin, or by large continents (e.g., South America) which share a history of surveys and exploration. After each of the sections, a global analysis of the status of knowledge of marine biodiversity is summarized within a few synthesis graphs. About 40 scientists contributed to this effort, each within their area of expertise and specified for each subsection. Supplementary material providing a list of assessments with date, special area, habitat, taxonomic groups, and web information has also been compiled for a few of the regions (Caribbean, Europe, Gulf of Mexico, the Southern Ocean and Sub-Saharan Africa) and States (China, India and Japan), as well as for vents and seeps ecosystems and for turtles (Appendix I). In addition, a complete reference list for further reading for each of the taxonomic groups and regions is provided (Appendix II).

Item Details

Item Type:Other Book Chapter
Keywords:marine biological diversity, global synthesis
Research Division:Environmental Sciences
Research Group:Environmental Science and Management
Research Field:Environmental Management
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Ecosystem Assessment and Management
Objective Field:Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Marine Environments
Author:Bax, NJ (Professor Nicholas Bax)
ID Code:114613
Year Published:2015
Deposited By:IMAS - Directorate
Deposited On:2017-02-22
Last Modified:2017-02-22
Downloads:0

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