eCite Digital Repository

Australia’s consumption-based greenhouse gas emissions


Levitt, CJ and Saaby, M and Sorensen, A, Australia's consumption-based greenhouse gas emissions, Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 61 pp. 1-21. ISSN 1364-985X (2017) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2017 Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society Inc.

DOI: doi:10.1111/1467-8489.12198


We use data from the World Input-Output Database in a multiregional input–output model to analyse Australian consumption-based greenhouse gas emissions for the years 1995 to 2009. We find that the emission content of Australian macroeconomic activity has changed over the 15-year period. Consumption-based emissions have been growing faster than production-based emissions since 2001. We show that emissions embodied in Australian imports are increasingly becoming a significant source of emissions. We investigate emissions in Australian imports and find that increased trade with China contributed substantially to the increase in Australia’s consumption emissions. China was the largest exporter of emissions to Australia and accounted for almost half of emissions embodied in Australian imports since 2002. The growth of trade with China coincides with the increase in imported emissions as well as the increase in aggregate consumption emissions. Our results suggest that tracking consumption emissions together with production emissions provides a more complete picture of Australian emissions.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:GHG emissions, International Trade, consumption emissions, greenhouse gases, international trade, production
Research Division:Economics
Research Group:Applied economics
Research Field:Environment and resource economics
Objective Division:Economic Framework
Objective Group:Other economic framework
Objective Field:Other economic framework not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Levitt, CJ (Dr Clinton Levitt)
ID Code:114533
Year Published:2017
Web of Science® Times Cited:2
Deposited By:TSBE
Deposited On:2017-02-17
Last Modified:2018-05-21

Repository Staff Only: item control page