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Exposure to suicidal behaviors: A common suicide risk factor or a personal negative life event?

Citation

Harris, K and Bettiol, S, Exposure to suicidal behaviors: A common suicide risk factor or a personal negative life event?, International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 63, (1) pp. 70-77. ISSN 0020-7640 (2017) [Refereed Article]


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DOI: doi:10.1177/0020764016682361

Abstract

Background: Numerous suicide risk factors have been proposed but not adequately validated for epidemiology, treatment and prevention efforts.

Aims: Exposures to suicidal behaviors (ESB), from family and friend suicide attempts and completions, were tested for validity as a suicidal risk factor and also for measurement and construct adequacy.

Methods: An anonymous online survey yielded 713 participants (aged 1871), who reported ESB, completed the Suicidal Affect-Behavior-Cognition Scale (SABCS), and comprised a broad spectrum on those variables.

Results: Tests of dimensionality and internal consistency showed the four ESB variables (attempts/completions through family/friends) were independent and did not form a common factor or an identifiable ESB latent trait. ESB variables were, however, associated with demographic and psychiatric histories. A battery of tests revealed no meaningful associations between ESB and total suicidality or suicide risk factors (social support, depression, anxiety, stress, satisfaction with life and emotional stability). In addition, in contrast to previous reports, young adults (n=200; aged 1820) showed no increased suicidality due to ESB.

Conclusion: Results showed no validity for ESB as a common risk factor for suicidality or other psychopathology, or as a latent trait. ESB showed evidence as a personal negative life event with individual effects and interpretations.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Suicide prevention, contagion, risk factors, negative life events, risk assessment, psychopathology
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Clinical Sciences
Research Field:Psychiatry (incl. Psychotherapy)
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Health and Support Services
Objective Field:Mental Health Services
Author:Harris, K (Dr Keith Harris)
Author:Bettiol, S (Dr Silvana Bettiol)
ID Code:114463
Year Published:2017
Deposited By:Medicine (Discipline)
Deposited On:2017-02-15
Last Modified:2017-02-16
Downloads:0

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