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Learning style and task performance in synchronous computer-mediated communication: a case study of Iranian EFL learners


Hedayati, M and Foomani, EM, Learning style and task performance in synchronous computer-mediated communication: a case study of Iranian EFL learners, Educational Technology & Society, 18, (4) pp. 344-356. ISSN 1176-3647 (2015) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright 2015 International Forum of Educational Technology & Society. Licensed under Creative Commons CC-BY-ND-NC 3.0 licensed (

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The study reported here explores whether English as a foreign Language (EFL) learnersí preferred ways of learning (i.e., learning styles) affect their task performance in computer-mediated communication (CMC). As Ellis (2010) points out, while the increasing use of different sorts of technology is witnessed in language learning contexts, it is worth studying the conditions in which the most second language (L2) production would be accomplished. The participants were 40 advanced-level Iranian EFL learners enrolled at a language institute in Tehran. Learnersí individual learning styles were probed by Felder-Soloman (1991) Index of Learning Style (ILS) and they were categorized into 8 groups, within 4 dimensions: Active vs. Reflective, Sensing vs. Intuitive, Visual vs. Verbal, and Sequential vs. Global learners. Then, the participants were given the opinion-gap tasks in 6 consecutive online chat sessions within a 3-week period. The participantsí produced language was analyzed at two levels: vocabulary, and grammar. Independent samples t-test were conducted to check if the differences between the groups were significant. The results reveal that the Reflective learners and Visual Learners produced grammatically more complex and lexically denser sentences than the other groups, which suggests that learnersí learning styles may affect their task performance in synchronous computer-mediated communication.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:computer, language learning, ESL, CALL
Research Division:Education
Research Group:Specialist studies in education
Research Field:Educational technology and computing
Objective Division:Education and Training
Objective Group:Learner and learning
Objective Field:Learner and learning not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Hedayati, M (Mr Mohsen Hedayati)
ID Code:114190
Year Published:2015
Web of Science® Times Cited:5
Deposited By:Education
Deposited On:2017-02-08
Last Modified:2017-04-28
Downloads:86 View Download Statistics

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