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Associations between Partnering and Parenting Transitions and Dietary Habits in Young Adults

Citation

Smith, KJ and McNaughton, SA and Gall, SL and Otahal, P and Dwyer, T and Venn, AJ, Associations between Partnering and Parenting Transitions and Dietary Habits in Young Adults, Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics pp. 1-12. ISSN 2212-2680 (2017) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2017 by the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.jand.2016.12.008

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Partnering and parenting are important life-stage transitions that often occur during young adulthood. Little is known about how these transitions affect two dietary behaviors linked to increased cardiometabolic disease risk: skipping breakfast and takeaway-food consumption.

OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine whether partnering and parenting transitions during a 5-year period were associated with change in diet quality, skipping breakfast, and takeaway-food consumption.

DESIGN: We conducted a cohort study. Questionnaires were completed at baseline (2004 to 2006) and follow-up (2009 to 2011). Marital status and number of children were self-reported.

PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: Australian participants (n=1,402 [39% men]) aged 26 to 36 years were included.

MAIN OUTCOMES MEASURES: Diet quality was assessed using a Dietary Guideline Index. Breakfast skipping (not eating before 9 am the previous day) and frequent takeaway-food consumption (≥2 times/week) were reported.

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Linear regression (mean differences in Dietary Guideline Index) and log binomial regression (relative risks for skipping breakfast and frequent takeaway-food consumption) were adjusted for age, education, follow-up duration, day of the week (skipping breakfast only), the other transition, and baseline behavior.

RESULTS: During the 5-year follow-up, 101 men and 93 women became married/living as married, and 149 men and 155 women had their first child. Diet quality improved among all groups and was similar at follow-up between those who experienced the transitions and those who did not. Compared to having no children, having a first child was associated with a lower risk of skipping breakfast for men (relative risk 0.65; 95% CI 0.42 to 1.01) and women (relative risk 0.47; 95% CI 0.31 to 0.72). Men who became partnered also had a lower risk of skipping breakfast than those who remained single (relative risk 0.64; 95% CI 0.42 to 0.98). The transitions were not significantly associated with takeaway-food consumption.

CONCLUSIONS: Life-stage transitions were not associated with better diet quality. Participants who became partnered or parents were more likely to eat breakfast at follow-up than those who remained single or had no children.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:diet quality, takeaway food, Skipping breakfast, marriage, parent
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Public Health and Health Services
Research Field:Epidemiology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)
Objective Field:Nutrition
Author:Smith, KJ (Dr Kylie Smith)
Author:Gall, SL (Dr Seana Gall)
Author:Otahal, P (Mr Petr Otahal)
Author:Venn, AJ (Professor Alison Venn)
ID Code:114185
Year Published:2017
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2017-02-08
Last Modified:2017-04-03
Downloads:0

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