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Lifestyle behaviours associated with 5-year weight gain in a prospective cohort of Australian adults aged 26-36 years at baseline


Smith, KJ and Gall, SL and McNaughton, SA and Cleland, VJ and Otahal, P and Dwyer, T and Venn, AJ, Lifestyle behaviours associated with 5-year weight gain in a prospective cohort of Australian adults aged 26-36 years at baseline, BMC Public Health, 17, (1) Article 54. ISSN 1471-2458 (2017) [Refereed Article]


Copyright Statement

The Author(s) 2017. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

DOI: doi:10.1186/s12889-016-3931-y


Background: Whether not meeting common guidelines for lifestyle behaviours is associated with weight gain is uncertain. This study examined whether 5-year weight gain was predicted by not meeting guidelines for: breakfast consumption (eating between 6 and 9 am), takeaway food consumption (<2 times/week), television viewing (< 2 h/day) and daily steps (≥ 10,000 steps/day).

Methods: One thousand one hundred and fifty-five Australian participants (43% men, 26-36 years) completed questionnaires and wore a pedometer at baseline (2004-06) and follow-up (2009-11). Weight was measured or self-reported, with a correction factor applied. For each behaviour, participants were classified according to whether they met the guideline: consistently met at baseline and follow-up (reference group); not met at baseline but met at follow-up; met at baseline but not met at follow-up; consistently not met at baseline and follow-up. For each behaviour, weight gain was calculated using linear regression. Weight gain by number of guidelines met was also examined.

Results: Mean 5-year weight gain was 2.0 kg (SD:6.3). Compared to the reference group, additional weight (mean, 95% CI) was gained among those who did not meet the guideline at follow-up, or consistently did not meet the guideline, for breakfast (1.8 kg, 0.7-2.9; 1.5 kg, 0.1-2.8); takeaway food (2.2 kg, 0.7-3.6; 1.9 kg, 0.7-3.1); watching television (1.9 kg, 0.9-2.9; 1.4 kg, 0.4-2.3); and daily steps (2.6 kg, 1.1-4.04; 1.6 kg, 0.5-2.7). Those who met ≤ 1 guideline at follow-up gained 3.8 kg (95% CI 2.3-5.3) more than those meeting all guidelines.

Conclusion: Individuals who adopted healthier behaviours between baseline and follow-up had similar weight gain to those who met the guidelines at both time points. Encouraging young adults to meet these simple guidelines may reduce weight gain.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:skipping breakfast, takeaway food, fast food, television, steps, sedentary behaviour, physical activity, guidelines, weight gain, young adults
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Epidemiology
Research Field:Epidemiology not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public health (excl. specific population health)
Objective Field:Behaviour and health
UTAS Author:Smith, KJ (Dr Kylie Smith)
UTAS Author:Gall, SL (Associate Professor Seana Gall)
UTAS Author:Cleland, VJ (Associate Professor Verity Cleland)
UTAS Author:Otahal, P (Mr Petr Otahal)
UTAS Author:Dwyer, T (Professor Terry Dwyer)
UTAS Author:Venn, AJ (Professor Alison Venn)
ID Code:114181
Year Published:2017
Web of Science® Times Cited:10
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2017-02-08
Last Modified:2018-05-28
Downloads:113 View Download Statistics

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