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Assessing national biodiversity trends for rocky and coral reefs through the integration of citizen science and scientific monitoring programs

Citation

Stuart-Smith, RD and Edgar, GJ and Barrett, NS and Bates, AE and Baker, SC and Bax, NJ and Becerro, MA and Berkhout, J and Blanchard, JL and Brock, DJ and Clark, GF and Cooper, AT and Davis, TR and Day, PB and Duffy, E and Holmes, TH and Howe, SA and Jordan, A and Kininmonth, S and Knott, NA and Lefcheck, JS and Ling, SD and Parr, A and Strain, E and Sweatman, H and Thomson, R, Assessing national biodiversity trends for rocky and coral reefs through the integration of citizen science and scientific monitoring programs, Bioscience, 67, (2) pp. 134-146. ISSN 0006-3568 (2017) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

© The Author(s) 2017. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/

DOI: doi:10.1093/biosci/biw180

Abstract

Reporting progress against targets for international biodiversity agreements is hindered by a shortage of suitable biodiversity data. We describe a cost-effective system involving Reef Life Survey citizen scientists in the systematic collection of quantitative data covering multiple phyla that can underpin numerous marine biodiversity indicators at high spatial and temporal resolution. We then summarize the findings of a continental- and decadal-scale State of the Environment assessment for rocky and coral reefs based on indicators of ecosystem state relating to fishing, ocean warming, and invasive species and describing the distribution of threatened species. Fishing impacts are widespread, whereas substantial warming-related change affected some regions between 2005 and 2015. Invasive species are concentrated near harbors in southeastern Australia, and the threatened-species index is highest for the Great Australian Bight and Tasman Sea. Our approach can be applied globally to improve reporting against biodiversity targets and enhance public and policymakers’ understanding of marine biodiversity trends.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Reef Life Survey, marine biodiversity, citizen science, Convention on Biological Diversity, state of the environment, ecological indicator, Marine Trophic Index, community temperature index
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Ecology
Research Field:Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl. Marine Ichthyology)
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Ecosystem Assessment and Management
Objective Field:Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Marine Environments
Author:Stuart-Smith, RD (Dr Rick Stuart-Smith)
Author:Edgar, GJ (Professor Graham Edgar)
Author:Barrett, NS (Dr Neville Barrett)
Author:Baker, SC (Dr Sue Baker)
Author:Bax, NJ (Professor Nicholas Bax)
Author:Berkhout, J (Mr Just Berkhout)
Author:Blanchard, JL (Dr Julia Blanchard)
Author:Cooper, AT (Miss Antonia Cooper)
Author:Day, PB (Mr Paul Day)
Author:Kininmonth, S (Dr Stuart Kininmonth)
Author:Ling, SD (Dr Scott Ling)
ID Code:114151
Year Published:2017
Web of Science® Times Cited:6
Deposited By:Centre for Ecology and Biodiversity
Deposited On:2017-02-07
Last Modified:2017-11-08
Downloads:11 View Download Statistics

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