eCite Digital Repository

The role of snow-ice in the thickening processes of lake ice at Lake Abashiri, Hokkaido, Japan


Ohata, Y and Toyota, T and Fraser, AD and Shiraiwa, T, The role of snow-ice in the thickening processes of lake ice at Lake Abashiri, Hokkaido, Japan, 23nd IAHR International Symposium on Ice program, 31 May - 03 June 2016, Ann Arbor, Michigan (2016) [Refereed Conference Paper]

PDF (PDF of revised and accepted peer reviewed conference paper)
Restricted - Request a copy

Copyright Statement

Copyright unknown

Official URL:


To clarify lake ice formation processes in mid-latitudes subject to significant snowfall and moderate air temperature, the properties of lake ice at Lake Abashiri in Hokkaido, Japan, were examined from field observations during the 2012/ 2013 and 2014/ 2015 ice seasons, and a one-dimensional thermodynamic model was developed based on the results. At all lake sites, the ice was composed of two distinct layers: a snow ice (SI) layer on top and a congelation ice (CI) layer below. The SI layer ranged from 29% to 73% of the total ice thickness, much greater than that in high-latitude lakes. In the model, the CI growth rate at the bottom was estimated using the traditional heat budget method, while the SI growth rate on top was calculated by assuming that the excessive snowfall, leading to a negative freeboard, is converted to SI by a reduction rate (β). By tuning the value of β, the model successfully reproduced the observational thicknesses of CI, SI and the break-up dates in both winters, showing the validity of this model to some extent. The numerical experiment with this model suggests that the role of snow may be to reduce the variability in total ice thickness caused by the change in meteorological conditions together with the SI growth. Furthermore, the model accurately reproduced break-up dates for the past 15 years (2000-2015) and ice thicknesses for the past 10 years (2005-2015), as validated by NASA Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) satellite images and records of lake ice thicknesses respectively. It is found from analysis with past meteorological data that ice thickness does not depend significantly on mean air temperature, but rather on mean snow depth due to SI thickness growth. In this paper, preliminary observational results on the SI formation processes will also be reported.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Conference Paper
Keywords:lake ice, snow ice, congelation ice, slush, Lake Abashiri, ice thickening
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Physical Geography and Environmental Geoscience
Research Field:Glaciology
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Climate and Climate Change
Objective Field:Climate Variability (excl. Social Impacts)
Author:Fraser, AD (Dr Alex Fraser)
ID Code:113876
Year Published:2016
Deposited By:CRC-Antarctic Climate & Ecosystems
Deposited On:2017-01-24
Last Modified:2017-10-12

Repository Staff Only: item control page