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Delivering 21st century Antarctic and Southern Ocean science

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Kennicutt, MC and Kim, YD and Rogan-Finnemore, M and Anandakrishnan, S and Chown, SL and Colwell, S and Cowan, D and Escutia, C and Frenot, Y and Hall, J and Liggett, D and McDonald, AJ and Nixdorf, U and Siegert, MJ and Storey, J and Wahlin, A and Weatherwax, A and Wilson, GS and Wilson, T and Wooding, R and Ackley, S and Biebow, N and Blankenship, D and Bo, S and Baeseman, J and Cardenas, CA and Cassano, J and Danhong, C and Danobeitia, J and Francis, J and Guldahl, J and Hashida, G and Corbalan, LJ and Klepikov, A and Lee, J and Leppe, M and Lijun, F and Lopez-Martinez, J and Memolli, M and Motoyoshi, Y and Bueno, RM and Negrete, J and Cardenes, MAO and Silva, MP and Ramos-Garcia, S and Sala, H and Shin, H and Shijie, X and Shiraishi, K and Stockings, T and Trotter, S and Vaughan, DG and De Menezes, JVDU and Vlasich, V and Weijia, Q and Winther, JG and Miller, H and Rintoul, S and Yang, H, Delivering 21st century Antarctic and Southern Ocean science, Antarctic Science, 28, (6) pp. 407-423. ISSN 0954-1020 (2016) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright 2016 Antarctic Science Ltd. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/

DOI: doi:10.1017/S0954102016000481

Abstract

The Antarctic Roadmap Challenges (ARC) project identified critical requirements to deliver high priority Antarctic research in the 21st century. The ARC project addressed the challenges of enabling technologies, facilitating access, providing logistics and infrastructure, and capitalizing on international co-operation. Technological requirements include: i) innovative automated in situ observing systems, sensors and interoperable platforms (including power demands), ii) realistic and holistic numerical models, iii) enhanced remote sensing and sensors, iv) expanded sample collection and retrieval technologies, and v) greater cyber-infrastructure to process 'big data' collection, transmission and analyses while promoting data accessibility. These technologies must be widely available, performance and reliability must be improved and technologies used elsewhere must be applied to the Antarctic. Considerable Antarctic research is field-based, making access to vital geographical targets essential. Future research will require continent- and ocean-wide environmentally responsible access to coastal and interior Antarctica and the Southern Ocean. Year-round access is indispensable. The cost of future Antarctic science is great but there are opportunities for all to participate commensurate with national resources, expertise and interests. The scope of future Antarctic research will necessitate enhanced and inventive interdisciplinary and international collaborations. The full promise of Antarctic science will only be realized if nations act together.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Antarctica, Southern Ocean, observing systems, access, future directions, infrastructure, logistics, technologies
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Other Earth Sciences
Research Field:Earth Sciences not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Other Environment
Objective Field:Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Oceanography
Author:Rintoul, S (Dr Steve Rintoul)
ID Code:113779
Year Published:2016
Web of Science® Times Cited:3
Deposited By:CRC-Antarctic Climate & Ecosystems
Deposited On:2017-01-20
Last Modified:2017-10-30
Downloads:7 View Download Statistics

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