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Overweight/obesity is a risk factor for periodontitis in young adults and adolescents: a systematic review


Khan, S and Bettiol, S and Barnett, T and Crocombe, L, Overweight/obesity is a risk factor for periodontitis in young adults and adolescents: a systematic review, 15th World Congress of Public Health, 2-7 April 2017, Melbourne (2017) [Conference Extract]


Aim: Periodontal disease is a silent epidemic, with a worldwide prevalence of 30-35%. The concept of periodontal diseases has evolved over time, to the current concept of being an exposure to risk factors associated with ageing. Risk factors of obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular diseases have been noted to contribute to its progression, leading to periodontitis in young adults. The question of this systematic review was: "Is overweight/obesity a risk factor for periodontitis in young adults and adolescents".

Methods: A comprehensive robust search was carried out using PUBMED, MEDLINE, EMBASE, COCHRANE, WoS, TRIP, DARE, LILACS, CINAHL, PROQUEST, BIOSIS and Google scholar databases, using the Mesh/Index/Emtree terms of Obesity, Periodontitis and Young adults/adolescents. The Covidence tool was employed to screen title, abstracts and full texts of relevant studies. The inclusion criteria were cross-sectional, case control and cohort studies of adolescents and young adults with or without periodontitis and obesity. Studies were excluded were literature reviews, systematic reviews, dissertations, abstracts of conference papers, reviews by the publisher, research that lacked comparison or control groups (non-obese).

Results: A total of 7312 articles were found in the databases searched. From these. 6438 articles were reviewed for titles and abstracts after removal of duplicates. Reviewing the full text of included studies, it could be assumed that periodontitis is associated with obesity in young adults and adolescents. Hence it is expected that periodontitis is a consequence of risk factors (obesity) rather than ageing.

Conclusion: Obesity is a risk factor for periodontitis in young adults and adolescents.

Item Details

Item Type:Conference Extract
Keywords:Periodontitis, Obesity, Systematic review
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Dentistry
Research Field:Periodontics
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public health (excl. specific population health)
Objective Field:Dental health
UTAS Author:Khan, S (Dr Shahrukh Khan)
UTAS Author:Bettiol, S (Dr Silvana Bettiol)
UTAS Author:Barnett, T (Associate Professor Tony Barnett)
UTAS Author:Crocombe, L (Associate Professor Leonard Crocombe)
ID Code:113603
Year Published:2017
Deposited By:UTAS Centre for Rural Health
Deposited On:2017-01-09
Last Modified:2017-10-23

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