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The role of employment/training and its relationship to crime-free living through the voices of former Australian inmates


J-F and Gillies, R and Caroll, A and Swabey, K and Pullen, D, The role of employment/training and its relationship to crime-free living through the voices of former Australian inmates, Proceedings of the 2016 Australian Association for Research in Education (AARE) Conference, 27 November - 1 December 2016, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, pp. 1-17. ISSN 1324-9320 (2016) [Refereed Conference Paper]


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This study explores employment/training experiences of adult Australian ex-inmates living crime-free. Little is known in terms of how employment/training comes to assist ex-inmates in living crime-free and, equally, what role employment/training has played in the lives of ex-inmates prior to and during incarceration. Integrating both qualitative and quantitative methods, employment/training was measured at pre-incarceration, during incarceration and post-incarceration to explore its relationship with crime-free living. All participants (n = 20) reported having employment prior to incarceration, but only a quarter reported that it was stable and secure. Participants also reported having ad hoc jobs during incarceration with less than one-fifth having post-prison employment. However, for a small group of participants who persisted with employment/training, they reported increased self-esteem. They also reported that employment/training was an informal social control alongside inherent social incentives of being a productive citizen. Therefore, employment may perhaps be a notable catalyst for successful transition/reintegration for those ex-inmates who actively seek out and persist with it. Importantly, over half of the participants reported that employment was not related to recidivism and/or safeguarding them from re-offending or in living crime-free.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Conference Paper
Keywords:employment, training, crime-free, inmates
Research Division:Education
Research Group:Specialist studies in education
Research Field:Specialist studies in education not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Education and Training
Objective Group:Learner and learning
Objective Field:Learner and learning not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:J-F (Dr J F)
UTAS Author:Swabey, K (Professor Karen Swabey)
UTAS Author:Pullen, D (Dr Darren Pullen)
ID Code:113216
Year Published:2016
Deposited By:Education
Deposited On:2016-12-15
Last Modified:2017-11-20
Downloads:82 View Download Statistics

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