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Global fishing capacity and fishing effort from 1950 to 2012

Citation

Bell, JD and Watson, RA and Ye, Y, Global fishing capacity and fishing effort from 1950 to 2012, Fish and Fisheries, 18, (3) pp. 489-505. ISSN 1467-2960 (2016) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd

DOI: doi:10.1111/faf.12187

Abstract

Global marine wild-capture landings have remained relatively stable for >20 years; however, there is a lack of credible fishing capacity and effort information required to assess the sustainability and efficiency of the global fleet. As such, we estimated global fishing capacity and effort from 1950 to 2012 using a relatively comprehensive database developed by the FAO, supplemented by other data sources. Using random sampling techniques, we estimated the uncertainty surrounding many of our estimates enabling the identification of deficiencies and limitations. Global fishing capacity and effort increased rapidly from the late 1970s through to around 2010 before stabilizing. The Asian fleet is more than an order of magnitude larger than any other region in both capacity and effort, and continues to increase. Most other regions have stabilized, and there have been considerable declines in Europe and, to a lesser extent, in North America. Developed nations, as a whole, have decreased in both measures in the recent years and are responsible for the stabilization of the global trend. Developing and undeveloped countries are still increasing with the former having the largest fleet and showing the greatest relative increase with the socioeconomic impacts of reversing these trends likely to be high. The efficiency of the global fleet, in terms of watt days of fishing effort per tonnage of wild marine catch, is now less than in 1950 despite the considerable technological advances, and expansion throughout the world's oceans, that has occurred during this period of time.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:fisheries management, fishing efficiency, fishing energy use, fishing power
Research Division:Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Research Group:Fisheries Sciences
Research Field:Fisheries Management
Objective Division:Animal Production and Animal Primary Products
Objective Group:Fisheries - Wild Caught
Objective Field:Fisheries - Wild Caught not elsewhere classified
Author:Bell, JD (Dr Justin Bell)
Author:Watson, RA (Professor Reginald Watson)
ID Code:113135
Year Published:2016
Web of Science® Times Cited:2
Deposited By:Sustainable Marine Research Collaboration
Deposited On:2016-12-14
Last Modified:2017-11-03
Downloads:0

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