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Early predictors of need for remediation in the Australian general practice training program: a retrospective cohort study


Magin, P and Stewart, R and Turnock, A and Tapley, A and Holliday, E and Cooling, N, Early predictors of need for remediation in the Australian general practice training program: a retrospective cohort study, Advances in Health Sciences Education, 22, (4) pp. 915-929. ISSN 1382-4996 (2017) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2016 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht

DOI: doi:10.1007/s10459-016-9722-5


Underperforming trainees requiring remediation may threaten patient safety and are challenging for vocational training programs. Decisions to institute remediation are high-stakes-remediation being resource-intensive and emotionally demanding on trainees. Detection of underperformance requiring remediation is particularly problematic in general (family) practice. We sought to establish early-training assessment instruments predictive of general practice (GP) trainees' subsequently requiring formal remediation. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of trainees from a large Australian regionally-based GP training organization. The outcome factor was requirement for formal remediation. Independent variables were demographic factors and a range of formative assessments conducted immediately prior to or during early-stage training. Analyses employed univariate and multivariate logistic regression of each predictor assessment modality with the outcome, adjusting for potential confounders. Of 248 trainees, 26 (10.5 %) required formal remediation. Performance on the Colleague Feedback Evaluation Tool (entailing feedback from a trainee's clinical colleagues on clinical performance, communication and probity) and External Clinical Teaching Visits (half-day sessions of the trainee's clinical consultations observed directly by an experienced GP), along with non-Australian primary medical qualification, were significantly associated with requiring remediation. There was a non-significant trend for association with performance on the Doctors Interpersonal Skills Questionnaire (patient feedback on interpersonal elements of the consultation). There were no significant associations with entry-selection scores or formative exam or assessment scores. Our finding that 'in vivo' assessments of complex behaviour, but not 'in vitro' knowledge-based assessments, predict need for remediation is consistent with theoretical understanding of the nature of remediation decision-making and should inform remediation practice in GP vocational training.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:education, medical, graduate, educational measurement, family practice, general practice, professional competence, remedial teaching
Research Division:Education
Research Group:Curriculum and pedagogy
Research Field:Medicine, nursing and health curriculum and pedagogy
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Other health
Objective Field:Other health not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Turnock, A (Dr Allison Turnock)
UTAS Author:Cooling, N (Dr Nick Cooling)
ID Code:113019
Year Published:2017 (online first 2016)
Web of Science® Times Cited:6
Deposited By:Medicine
Deposited On:2016-12-07
Last Modified:2018-03-20

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