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Osteoarthritis

Citation

Martel-Pelletier, J and Barr, AJ and Cicuttini, FM and Conaghan, PG and Cooper, C and Goldring, MB and Goldring, SR and Jones, G and Teichtahl, AJ and Pelletier, J-P, Osteoarthritis, Nature Reviews. Disease Primers, 2 Article 16072. ISSN 2056-676X (2016) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2016 Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature

DOI: doi:10.1038/nrdp.2016.72

Abstract

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common joint disorder, is associated with an increasing socioeconomic impact owing to the ageing population and mainly affects the diarthrodial joints. Primary OA results from a combination of risk factors, with increasing age and obesity being the most prominent. The concept of the pathophysiology is still evolving, from being viewed as cartilage-limited to a multifactorial disease that affects the whole joint. An intricate relationship between local and systemic factors modulates its clinical and structural presentations, leading to a common final pathway of joint destruction. Pharmacological treatments are mostly related to relief of symptoms and there is no disease-modifying OA drug (that is, treatment that will reduce symptoms in addition to slowing or stopping the disease progression) yet approved by the regulatory agencies. Identifying phenotypes of patients will enable the detection of the disease in its early stages as well as distinguish individuals who are at higher risk of progression, which in turn could be used to guide clinical decision making and allow more effective and specific therapeutic interventions to be designed. This Primer is an update on the progress made in the field of OA epidemiology, quality of life, pathophysiological mechanisms, diagnosis, screening, prevention and disease management.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Clinical Sciences
Research Field:Rheumatology and Arthritis
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Skeletal System and Disorders (incl. Arthritis)
Author:Jones, G (Professor Graeme Jones)
ID Code:112858
Year Published:2016
Web of Science® Times Cited:4
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2016-12-01
Last Modified:2017-11-01
Downloads:0

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