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Effect of Sex Differences on the Association between Stroke Risk and Left Atrial Anatomy or Mechanics in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation

Citation

Yoshida, K and Obokata, M and Kurosawa, K and Sorimachi, H and Kurabayashi, M and Negishi, K, Effect of Sex Differences on the Association between Stroke Risk and Left Atrial Anatomy or Mechanics in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation, Circulation: Cardiovascular Imaging, 9, (10) Article e004999. ISSN 1942-0080 (2016) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

2016 American Heart Association

DOI: doi:10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.116.004999

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Embolic stroke in atrial fibrillation is more prevalent in women than in men, yet the basis for this difference remains unclear. This study seeks to elucidate whether there are any sex differences in the relationships between stroke risk (CHADS2 score, CHA2DS2-VASc score without a sex category, and estimated stroke rate) and left atrial (LA) anatomy or mechanics in patients with atrial fibrillation.

METHODS AND RESULTS: LA emptying fraction and global peak atrial longitudinal strain were assessed in 414 subjects with paroxysmal or persistent atrial fibrillation (156 women and 258 men). Linear regression models with an interaction term were performed to test the effect of sex difference on associations between the embolic risk and LA function or anatomy. Sensitivity analyses were performed in 228 age, heart rate, and rhythm-matched subjects (114 women and men). Women were older and had larger LA volumes and lower LA mechanics than men. Significant negative association between the CHADS2 score and LA emptying fraction was only demonstrated in women with a significant interaction between sexes. Similar significant interactions were found in global peak atrial longitudinal strain but not in LA volume. These findings were corroborated in the comparisons against CHA2DS2-VASc score without a sex category and the estimated stroke rate. Sensitivity analyses in the matched subgroup also confirmed the robustness of these sex differences in LA emptying fraction, but less so in global peak atrial longitudinal strain.

CONCLUSIONS: Significant sex interactions on the association between global LA function and risk stratification schemes exist, which may be a reason for the higher prevalence of embolic stroke in women.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:atrial fibrillation, heart rate, left atrial emptying fraction, male, prevalence
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Cardiorespiratory Medicine and Haematology
Research Field:Cardiology (incl. Cardiovascular Diseases)
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Cardiovascular System and Diseases
Author:Negishi, K (Dr Kazuaki Negishi)
ID Code:112856
Year Published:2016
Web of Science® Times Cited:2
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2016-12-01
Last Modified:2017-03-23
Downloads:0

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