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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms in the Files of Australian Servicemen Hospitalized in 19421952


Burges Watson, IP and Daniels, BA, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms in the Files of Australian Servicemen Hospitalized in 1942-1952, Australasian Psychiatry, 16, (1) pp. 13-17. ISSN 1039-8562 (2008) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2008 The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists

DOI: doi:10.1080/10398560701616213


Objective: To investigate post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomatology in servicemen hospitalized 19421952.

Method: Hospital files of servicemen (n = 590) were studied and PTSD symptoms in groups, based on service experience, were compared.

Results: Based on their hospital files, 19% of servicemen were classified as having partial PTSD. No full cases of PTSD were identified, due primarily to the small number of recorded avoidance symptoms and the limited information in relation to the stressor criterion. Prisoners of war had the highest reported avoidance and lowest intrusive symptoms compared with other combatants.

Conclusions: PTSD symptoms may have been common during and after World War II. At that time avoidance was not considered a symptom of disorder. Intrusive and arousal symptoms may be the core symptoms of PTSD and avoidance symptoms need to be reconsidered.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:military psychiatry, post-traumatic stress disorder, World War II veterans
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Health services and systems
Research Field:Mental health services
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public health (excl. specific population health)
Objective Field:Mental health
UTAS Author:Burges Watson, IP (Dr Paddy Burges Watson)
UTAS Author:Daniels, BA (Dr Brett Daniels)
ID Code:112811
Year Published:2008
Web of Science® Times Cited:4
Deposited By:Medicine
Deposited On:2016-11-30
Last Modified:2016-12-12

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