Burges Watson, IP and Daniels, BA, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms in the Files of Australian Servicemen Hospitalized in 1942-1952, Australasian Psychiatry, 16, (1) pp. 13-17. ISSN 1039-8562 (2008) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2008 The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
Objective: To investigate post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomatology in servicemen hospitalized 1942–1952.
Method: Hospital files of servicemen (n = 590) were studied and PTSD symptoms in groups, based on service experience, were compared.
Results: Based on their hospital files, 19% of servicemen were classified as having partial PTSD. No full cases of PTSD were identified, due primarily to the small number of recorded avoidance symptoms and the limited information in relation to the stressor criterion. Prisoners of war had the highest reported avoidance and lowest intrusive symptoms compared with other combatants.
Conclusions: PTSD symptoms may have been common during and after World War II. At that time avoidance was not considered a symptom of disorder. Intrusive and arousal symptoms may be the core symptoms of PTSD and avoidance symptoms need to be reconsidered.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||military psychiatry, post-traumatic stress disorder, World War II veterans|
|Research Division:||Health Sciences|
|Research Group:||Health services and systems|
|Research Field:||Mental health services|
|Objective Group:||Public health (excl. specific population health)|
|Objective Field:||Mental health|
|UTAS Author:||Burges Watson, IP (Dr Paddy Burges Watson)|
|UTAS Author:||Daniels, BA (Dr Brett Daniels)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||4|
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