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The ‘NZ’ in Anzac: different remembrance and meaning


Mein Smith, P, The NZ' in Anzac: different remembrance and meaning, First World War Studies, 7, (2) pp. 193-211. ISSN 1947-5020 (2016) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group

DOI: doi:10.1080/19475020.2016.1254097


This article examines differences of emphasis in Australia and New Zealand in the rituals of Anzac Day, the anniversary of the Gallipoli landings on 25 April 1915. Whereas Anzac Day in New Zealand is solemn, with a focus on the laying of wreaths and services at war memorials and churches, in Australia the day is distinguished more by marches of returned servicemen, cheered by large crowds. By exploring the emphasis on different components of what are shared rituals, on the march of the veterans and the laying of wreaths, the article aims to outline and explain how and why Anzac Day is more funereal in New Zealand. It proceeds to highlight the ‘NZ’ in Anzac through a study of myth, ritual, memorialisation, heroes, and reinvention, and finds that, contrary to accepted views, the conscription debate in Australia is insufficient to account for this divergence of emphasis in Anzac formalities from 1916. Rather the article suggests that the coincidence of the South African War and Australian Federation at the dawn of the twentieth century, different nationalisms, and political, social, and cultural disparities between the dominions provided the context for divergent scripts of remembrance and meaning enacted in Anzac Day rituals since the First World War.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Anzac Day, Gallipoli, rituals, remembrance
Research Division:History, Heritage and Archaeology
Research Group:Historical studies
Research Field:New Zealand history
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in history, heritage and archaeology
UTAS Author:Mein Smith, P (Professor Philippa Mein Smith)
ID Code:112777
Year Published:2016
Deposited By:School of Humanities
Deposited On:2016-11-28
Last Modified:2018-03-08

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