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External Attributions for Success and Avoidance of Failure


Thompson, T, External Attributions for Success and Avoidance of Failure, Psychological Reports, 81, (3) pp. 891-896. ISSN 0033-2941 (1997) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.2466/pr0.1997.81.3.891


This study investigated the attributions of failure-avoidant students in response to success and failure outcomes. Failure-avoidant students are those who strive to avoid the negative implications of failure in terms of damage to self-esteem. These students were identified on the basis of poor performance following failure and improved performance after being given a face-saving excuse. Failure-avoidant students were found to attribute success externally more than several other performance groups identified through the experimental manipulation used to identify failure-avoidant students. This finding points to a factor which may be involved in the development and maintenance of performance-limiting behaviours associated with fear of failure. This factor should be considered in intervention programs which assist these students in realising their potential for achievement.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Psychology
Research Group:Cognitive and computational psychology
Research Field:Sensory processes, perception and performance
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in human society
UTAS Author:Thompson, T (Dr Ted Thompson)
ID Code:11246
Year Published:1997
Web of Science® Times Cited:1
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:1997-08-01
Last Modified:2011-08-12

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