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Maternal outcomes of intimate partner violence during pregnancy: study in Iran


Hassan, M and Kashanian, M and Hassan, M and Roohi, M, Maternal outcomes of intimate partner violence during pregnancy: study in Iran, Public Health (Basingstoke), 128, (5) pp. 410-415. ISSN 0033-3506 (2014) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2013 The Royal Society for Public Health

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.puhe.2013.11.007


Methods: In total, 1300 pregnant women, aged 1839 years, who were referred to hospitals in the Iranian cities of Miandoab and Mahabad in the province of West Azerbaijan in 20092010 were recruited for this study by a convenience sampling method. Participants were asked to share their experiences of IPV during pregnancy and adverse maternal outcomes.

Results: Of these pregnant women, 945 (72.8%) reported that they had experienced IPV during their last pregnancy. A significant association was found between IPV and preterm labour [adjusted odds ratio (adjOR) 1.54, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.162.03], caesarean section (adjOR 11.84, 95% CI 6.3722.02), antenatal hospitalization (adjOR 6.34, 95% CI 3.8210.52) and vaginal bleeding (adjOR 1.51, 95% CI 0.92.3).

Discussion: This study demonstrated a high prevalence of IPV during pregnancy, and found that IPV was associated with adverse maternal outcomes including preterm labour, caesarean section, antenatal hospitalization and vaginal bleeding. This adds to the existing literature and can be used to inform healthcare practices in developing countries. Medical, health and surgical services for pregnant women should consider screening for IPV, and providers should be aware that IPV victims are at increased risk for adverse outcomes. Services should also develop links with the Battered Women's Movement; such programmes now exist in many countries.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Intimate partner violence Pregnant women Maternal outcomes Iran
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Midwifery
Research Field:Clinical midwifery
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Other health
Objective Field:Other health not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Roohi, M (Mrs Maryam Rouhi)
ID Code:112374
Year Published:2014
Web of Science® Times Cited:35
Deposited By:Health Sciences
Deposited On:2016-11-07
Last Modified:2016-12-22

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