Philp, CP and Buchheit, M and Kitic, CM and Minson, CT and Fell, JW, Does short-duration heat exposure at a matched cardiovascular intensity improve intermittent running performance in a cool environment?, International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 12, (6) pp. 812-818. ISSN 1555-0265 (2017) [Refereed Article]
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Purpose: To investigate whether a five-day cycling training block in the heat (35°C) in Australian rules footballers was superior to exercising at the same relative intensity in cool conditions (15°C) for improving intermittent running performance in a cool environment (<18°C).
Methods: Using a parallel-group design, 12 semiprofessional football players performed 5 d of cycling exercise (70% heart-rate reserve [HRR] for 45 min [5 × 50-min sessions in total]) in a hot (HEAT, 35°C ± 1°C, 56% ± 9% RH) or cool environment (COOL, 15°C ± 3°C, 81% ± 10% RH). A 30-15 Intermittent Fitness Test to assess intermittent running performance (VIFT) was conducted in a cool environment (17°C ± 2°C, 58 ± 5% RH) before and twice after (1 and 3 d) the intervention.
Results: There was a likely small increase in VIFT in each group (HEAT, 0.5 ± 0.3 km/h, 1.5 ± 0.8 × smallest worthwhile change [SWC]; COOL, 0.4 ± 0.4 km/h, 1.6 ± 1.2 × SWC) 3 d post-intervention, with no difference in change between the groups (0.5% ± 1.9%, 0.4 ± 1.4 × SWC). Cycle power output during the intervention was almost certainly lower in the HEAT group (HEAT 1.8 ± 0.2 W/kg vs COOL 2.5 ± 0.3 W/kg, –21.7 ± 3.2 × SWC, 100/0/0).
Conclusions: This study indicates that when cardiovascular exercise intensity is matched (i.e. 70% HRR) between environmental conditions, there is no additional performance benefit from short-duration moderate-intensity heat exposure (5 x 50 min) for semi-professional footballers exercising in cool conditions. However, the similar positive adaptations may occur in the HEAT with 30% lower mechanical load, which may be of interest for load management during intense training or rehabilitation phases.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||heat exposure, Austalian Rules Football|
|Research Division:||Medical and Health Sciences|
|Research Group:||Human Movement and Sports Science|
|Research Field:||Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified|
|Objective Group:||Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health)|
|Objective Field:||Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) not elsewhere classified|
|UTAS Author:||Philp, CP (Mr Calvin Philp)|
|UTAS Author:||Kitic, CM (Dr Cecilia Kitic)|
|UTAS Author:||Fell, JW (Associate Professor James Fell)|
|Year Published:||2017 (online first 2016)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||2|
|Deposited By:||Health Sciences|
|Downloads:||50 View Download Statistics|
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