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Premature fruit softening, a major physiological problem of persimmon in subtropical australia


Redpath, S and George, AP and Hofman, P and Price, S and Nissen, RJ, Premature fruit softening, a major physiological problem of persimmon in subtropical australia, Acta Horticulturae, 833 pp. 289-294. ISSN 0567-7572 (2009) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2009 ISHS

DOI: doi:10.17660/ActaHortic.2009.833.46


Premature or abnormal softening of persimmon fruit within 3-7 days after harvest is a major physiological problem of non-astringent persimmon cultivars grown in subtropical regions of Australia. Up to 30% of consignments may soften rapidly frequently overnight, often resulting in the flesh becoming very soft, completely translucent, and impossible to handle. Incidence of premature soft fruit can vary with season and production location. To study the incidence of this problem, we conducted surveys of fruit harvested from five environmentally-diverse regions of Australia over a two-year period. We found wide variation in the rate of both premature softening and normal softening with differences of up 37 days between orchards in percentage of fruit reaching 50% soft. We found that the rate of fruit softening was exacerbated by lower calcium concentrations at fruit set, shorter fruit development periods and heavier rainfall during the fruit development period. The implications of our findings, in terms of orchard management, export and domestic marketing strategies are discussed.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Diospyros, chilling injury, calcium, storage, postharvest
Research Division:Agricultural, Veterinary and Food Sciences
Research Group:Horticultural production
Research Field:Horticultural crop growth and development
Objective Division:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Group:Horticultural crops
Objective Field:Horticultural crops not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Nissen, RJ (Dr Robert Nissen)
ID Code:112192
Year Published:2009
Web of Science® Times Cited:3
Deposited By:Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture
Deposited On:2016-10-30
Last Modified:2017-04-06

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