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Innovative production systems for the Australian custard apple industry

Citation

Broadley, RH and George, AP and Nissen, RJ, Innovative production systems for the Australian custard apple industry, Acta Horticulturae, 694 pp. 277-282. ISSN 0567-7572 (2005) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2005 ISHS

DOI: doi:10.17660/ActaHortic.2005.694.45

Abstract

Many new technologies have been or are currently being developed to improve yield and fruit quality of custard apple. The most important of these new technologies is training of trees onto an open Tatura trellis system at tree densities twice the conventional, open vase system (800 vs. 400 trees per hectare). Use of the open Tatura trellis system has only been made feasible since the availability of new, very high fruitsetting varieties such as KJ Pinks, where up to 40% of flowers set fruit. Other innovative management practices are also being incorporated into a complete management package. They include the use of dormancy-breaking chemicals, chemical growth retardants and leaf tipping and stripping. Leaf stripping is a useful technique to increase late flowering and fruit set. This technique, if done at the appropriate time during early summer, releases the sub-petiolar buds (buds below the leaf stalks), increasing and in some cases doubling, the number of new season laterals and flowers. Leaf stripping involves removing 5-10 terminal leaves, including the tip (about the last third depending on shoot length). Excessive vegetative growth has been shown to reduce fruit set and significantly increase the severity of the internal fruit disorder called 'woodiness'. Shoot growth greater than 60cm is deemed excessive. The growth retardant, uniconazole (Sunny) has been shown to effectively control vegetative growth in custard apple. Two applications of this growth retardant during the first vegetative flush reduced shoot extension growth by about 20% and increased flowering by about 30%.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:growth retardants, dormancy-breaking chemicals, defoliation, trellising
Research Division:Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Research Group:Horticultural Production
Research Field:Horticultural Crop Growth and Development
Objective Division:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Group:Horticultural Crops
Objective Field:Horticultural Crops not elsewhere classified
Author:Nissen, RJ (Mr Robert Nissen)
ID Code:112190
Year Published:2005
Deposited By:Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture
Deposited On:2016-10-30
Last Modified:2017-04-06
Downloads:0

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