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The factors that influence junior doctorsí capacity to recognise, respond and manage patient deterioration in an acute ward setting: An integrative review

Citation

Callaghan, A and Kinsman, L and Cooper, S and Radomski, N, The factors that influence junior doctors' capacity to recognise, respond and manage patient deterioration in an acute ward setting: An integrative review, Australian critical care, 30, (4) pp. 197-209. ISSN 1036-7314 (2017) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2016 Australian College of Critical Care Nurses Ltd.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.aucc.2016.09.004

Abstract

Objectives: Junior doctors are frequently the first doctor to be called by a nurse to review patients whose clinical status has declined in hospital wards, yet little is known about how well prepared they are to deal with this situation. This paper aims to identify the factors that influence junior doctorsí early recognition and management of patient deterioration in an acute ward settings.

Method: Integrative review methodology was used to allow for the inclusion of broad research designs, summarising current knowledge from existing research and identify gaps in the literature. Quantitative, qualitative and mixed method studies were included. An electronic database search including PubMed, Medline and Scopus was performed. Research articles, exploring junior doctorsí skills specific to critically ill, or deteriorating patients, technical and non-technical skills and failure to rescue were included.

Findings: Thirty-three articles were included, of which eighteen were quantitative, six qualitative and nine mixed methods The majority of the studies, eighteen out of thirty-three, were from the United Kingdom. The evidence showed thatthe capacity for junior doctors to effectively deal with patient deterioration was influenced by: educational models that incorporated non-technical skills; the integration of high quality clinical simulation into education; and the level and type of supervision in the clinical environment.

Conclusion: The factors that influence junior doctorsí capacity to recognise, respond and manage patient deterioration in an acute ward settings are complex. This review indicates that there is substantial room for improvement in junior doctorsí capacity to deal with patient deterioration. Evidence suggests preparation of junior doctors in the recognition and management of the deteriorating patient is influenced by effective simulation education and clinical experiential exposure over time. More accessible supervision for junior doctors in acute wards is recommended to avert error and delays in the appropriate escalation of care in the deteriorating patient.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Clinical deterioration, patient deterioration, escalation of care. failure to rescue, junior doctor, integrative review, technical and non-technical skills
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Public Health and Health Services
Research Field:Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Health and Support Services
Objective Field:Health and Support Services not elsewhere classified
Author:Kinsman, L (Professor Leigh Kinsman)
ID Code:112122
Year Published:2017 (online first 2016)
Web of Science® Times Cited:1
Deposited By:Health Sciences
Deposited On:2016-10-27
Last Modified:2017-12-07
Downloads:0

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