Kent, K and Charlton, E and Netzel, M and Fanning, K, Food-based anthocyanin intake and cognitive outcomes in human intervention trials: a systematic review, Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 30, (3) pp. 260-274. ISSN 0952-3871 (2017) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2016 The British Dietetic Association Ltd
Background: Preclinical evidence suggests that the anthocyanins, which comprise a subclass of dietary flavonoids providing the purple and red pigmentation in plant-based foods, may have a beneficial impact on cognitive outcomes.
Methods: A systematic review was conducted to identify the published literature on food-based anthocyanin consumption and cognitive outcomes in human intervention trials. The literature search followed PRISMA guidelines and included six databases, as well as additional hand searching. Results: Seven studies were included in this review, comprising acute trials (n = 4) and longer-term (n= 3) interventions that assessed multiple cognitive outcomes in children, adults and older adults with cognitive impairment. Six of seven studies reported improvements in either a single, or multiple, cognitive outcomes, including verbal learning and memory, after anthocyanin-rich food consumption. As a result of methodological limitations and the large clinical and methodological diversity of the studies, the pooling of data for quantitative analysis was not feasible.
Conclusions: The impact of food-based anthocyanin consumption on both acute and long-term cognition appears promising. However, adequately powered studies that include sensitive cognitive tasks are needed to confirm these findings and allow the translation of research into dietary messages.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||flavonoid, anthocyanin, cognition|
|Research Division:||Biomedical and Clinical Sciences|
|Research Group:||Nutrition and dietetics|
|Research Field:||Nutrition and dietetics not elsewhere classified|
|Objective Group:||Public health (excl. specific population health)|
|UTAS Author:||Kent, K (Dr Katherine Kent)|
|Year Published:||2017 (online first 2016)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||29|
|Deposited By:||UTAS Centre for Rural Health|
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