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Mental health literacy of resettled Iraqi refugees in Australia: knowledge about posttraumatic stress disorder and beliefs about helpfulness of interventions


Slewa-Younan, S and Mond, JM and Bussion, E and Mohammad, Y and Gabriela Uribe Guajardo, M and Smith, M and Milosevic, D and Lujic, S and Jorm, AF, Mental health literacy of resettled Iraqi refugees in Australia: knowledge about posttraumatic stress disorder and beliefs about helpfulness of interventions, Bmc Psychiatry, 14 Article 320. ISSN 1471-244X (2014) [Refereed Article]


Copyright Statement

Copyright 2014 Slewa-Younan et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

DOI: doi:10.1186/s12888-014-0320-x


Background: Resettled refugees are a particularly vulnerable group. They have very high levels of mental health problems, in particular, trauma-related disorders, but very low uptake of mental health care. Evidence suggests that poor "mental health literacy", namely, poor knowledge and understanding of the nature and treatment of mental health problems is a major factor in low or inappropriate treatment-seeking among individuals with mental health problems. This study used a culturally adapted Mental Health Literacy Survey method to determine knowledge of, and beliefs about, helpfulness of treatment interventions and providers for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) amongst resettled Iraqi refugees.

Methods: 225 resettled Iraqi refugees in Western Sydney attending the Adult Migrant English Program (AMEP), federally funded English language tuition, were surveyed. A vignette of a fictional character meeting diagnostic criteria for PTSD was presented followed by the Mental Health Literacy Survey. PTSD symptomology was measured using the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire part IV (HTQ part IV), with Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10) used to measure levels of general psychological distress.

Results: Only 14.2% of participants labelled the problem as PTSD, with "a problem with fear" being the modal response (41.8%). A total of 84.9% respondents indicated that seeing a psychiatrist would be helpful, followed by reading the Koran or Bible selected by 79.2% of those surveyed. There was some variation in problem recognition and helpfulness of treatment, most notably influenced by the length of resettlement in Australia of the respondents.

Conclusions: These findings have important implications for the design and implementation of mental health promotion and treatment programs for resettled refugees and those who work with them.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Mental health literacy, Posttraumatic stress disorder, Iraqi refugees, Help-seeking, attitudes
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Health services and systems
Research Field:Health services and systems not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public health (excl. specific population health)
Objective Field:Mental health
UTAS Author:Mond, JM (Dr Jon Mond)
ID Code:111967
Year Published:2014
Web of Science® Times Cited:44
Deposited By:Health Sciences
Deposited On:2016-10-18
Last Modified:2017-11-02
Downloads:157 View Download Statistics

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