Brophy-Williams, N and Driller, MW and Kitic, C and Fell, JW and Halson, S, Effect of compression socks worn between repeated maximal running bouts, International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 12, (5) pp. 621-627. ISSN 1555-0273 (2017) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2016 Human Kinetics, Inc.
Purpose: To determine the effect of wearing compression socks between repeated running bouts on perceptual, physiological and performance-based parameters.
Methods: Twelve well-trained male runners (mean ± SD 5-km time 19:24 ± 1:19 [min:s]) recorded their perceptions of the efficacy of compression socks for recovery before completion of 2 experimental sessions. Each session consisted of two 5-km running time trials (TT1 and TT2) on a treadmill, with a 1-h recovery period between. In a randomized crossover design, 1 session required participants to wear compression socks during the recovery period, and no compression socks were worn between TTs in the other session (control).
Results: RRunning performance between TT1 and TT2 for runners wearing compression socks was similar between TTs (mean Δ 5.3 ± 20.7 s, d = 0.07, P = .20), whereas for control runners, performance significantly decreased in the second TT (mean Δ 15.9 ± 13.3 s, d = 0.19, P < .01). When grouped by perception of efficacy for compression socks, participants with strong beliefs (n = 7) experienced improved subsequent running performance with compression socks (mean Δ –3.6 ± 19.2 s, d = 0.05, P = .32) compared with those with neutral or negative perceptions (n = 5; mean Δ 17.9 ± 17.0 s, d = 0.19, P = .04). Cross-sectional area of the calf and muscle soreness were significantly reduced during the recovery period with the use of compression socks (P < .01), whereas ratings of fatigue showed no difference between conditions.
Conclusions: Wearing compression socks between repeated running bouts can aid recovery and subsequent performance. Furthermore, subsequent exercise performance may be even further enhanced when athletes believe in the efficacy of compression socks to assist in recovery between exercise bouts.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||compression garment, running, performance|
|Research Division:||Health Sciences|
|Research Group:||Sports science and exercise|
|Research Field:||Sports science and exercise not elsewhere classified|
|Objective Group:||Specific population health (excl. Indigenous health)|
|Objective Field:||Specific population health (excl. Indigenous health) not elsewhere classified|
|UTAS Author:||Brophy-Williams, N (Mr Ned Brophy-Williams)|
|UTAS Author:||Kitic, C (Dr Cecilia Kitic)|
|UTAS Author:||Fell, JW (Associate Professor James Fell)|
|UTAS Author:||Halson, S (Dr Shona Halson)|
|Year Published:||2017 (online first 2016)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||13|
|Deposited By:||Health Sciences|
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