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Modelling acoustic propagation beneath Antarctic sea ice using measured environmental parameters

Citation

Alexander, P and Duncan, A and Bose, N and Williams, G, Modelling acoustic propagation beneath Antarctic sea ice using measured environmental parameters, Deep-Sea Research II, 131 pp. 84-95. ISSN 0967-0645 (2016) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2016 Published by Elsevier Ltd.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2016.04.026

Abstract

Autonomous underwater vehicles are improving and expanding in situ observations of sea ice for the validation of satellite remote sensing and climate models. Missions under sea ice, particularly over large distances (up to 100 km) away from the immediate vicinity of a ship or base, require accurate acoustic communication for monitoring, emergency response and some navigation systems. We investigate the propagation of acoustic signals in the Antarctic seasonal ice zone using the BELLHOP model, examining the influence of ocean and sea ice properties. We processed available observations from around Antarctica to generate input variables such as sound speed, surface reflection coefficient (R) and roughness parameters. The results show that changes in the sound speed profile make the most significant difference to the propagation of the direct path signal. The inclusion of the surface reflected signals from a flat ice surface was found to greatly decrease the transmission loss with range. When ice roughness was added, the transmission loss increased with roughness, in a manner similar to the direct path transmission loss results. The conclusions of this work are that: (1) the accuracy of acoustic modelling in this environment is greatly increased by using realistic sound speed data; (2) a risk averse ranging model would use only the direct path signal transmission; and (3) in a flat ice scenario, much greater ranges can be achieved if the surface reflected transmission paths are included. As autonomous missions under sea ice increase in scale and complexity, it will be increasingly important for operational procedures to include effective modelling of acoustic propagation with representative environmental data.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:autonomous underwater vehicles, Antarctica, underwater acoustics, BELLHOP
Research Division:Engineering
Research Group:Maritime Engineering
Research Field:Ocean Engineering
Objective Division:Transport
Objective Group:Water Transport
Objective Field:Water Transport not elsewhere classified
Author:Alexander, P (Ms Polly Alexander)
Author:Bose, N (Professor Neil Bose)
Author:Williams, G (Dr Guy Williams)
ID Code:111740
Year Published:2016
Deposited By:NC Maritime Engineering and Hydrodynamics
Deposited On:2016-10-05
Last Modified:2017-10-31
Downloads:0

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