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Testing methods to estimate abundance of Magellanic penguins Spheniscus magellanicus

Citation

Villanueva, C and Bertellotti, M, Testing methods to estimate abundance of Magellanic penguins Spheniscus magellanicus, Bird Study, 61, (3) pp. 421-427. ISSN 0006-3657 (2014) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

2014 British Trust for Ornithology

DOI: doi:10.1080/00063657.2014.942594

Abstract

Capsule Using simulations in a geographical information system our results showed that systematic sampling with quadrats was the most accurate, precise and cost-effective method to survey Magellanic Penguin colonies.

Aims To determine which sampling method gives better estimations of penguin abundance.

Methods A virtual colony was generated deriving spatial parameters from a real survey and applying Kriging interpolation. Three sampling methods were then applied on this virtual colony: random sampling with quadrats; systematic sampling with quadrats; systematic sampling with fixed-width transects. The estimated abundance for each trial was compared to the abundance of the virtual colony to have a measure of accuracy and precision.

Results Systematic sampling with quadrats estimated penguin abundance better than random or systematic sampling with transects since it achieved 100% accuracy and great precision after sampling only 2.1% of the virtual colony.

Conclusion The use of a simulated colony allowed the comparison of several sampling methods traditionally used in Magellanic Penguin surveys. The results of this study are important in order to standardize sampling protocols for Magellanic Penguins and to have more comparable estimations to detect trends over time. Also, the methodological approach used here could be used to assess sampling methods for other colonial bird species.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Spheniscus magellanicus, sampling, Patagonia
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Ecology
Research Field:Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl. Marine Ichthyology)
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Objective Field:Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Author:Villanueva, C (Ms Cecilia Villanueva)
ID Code:111638
Year Published:2014
Deposited By:Centre for Fisheries and Aquaculture
Deposited On:2016-09-27
Last Modified:2017-10-31
Downloads:0

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