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Feather-loss disorder in African and Magellanic penguins

Citation

Kane, OJ and Smith, JR and Boersma, PD and Parsons, NJ and Strauss, V and Garcia-Borboroglu, P and Villanueva, C, Feather-loss disorder in African and Magellanic penguins, Waterbirds, 33, (3) pp. 415-421. ISSN 1524-4695 (2010) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2010 The Waterbird Society

DOI: doi:10.1675/063.033.0321

Abstract

A feather-loss disorder, first observed in captive African Penguin (Spheniscus demersus) chicks in a South African rehabilitation center in 2006, was found one year later in wild Magellanic Penguin (Spheniscus magellanicus) chicks in four colonies in Argentina. Two years later, it was found in African Penguin chicks in the wild. The featherless African Penguin chicks in the rehabilitation center (N = 176) lost their down and emerging juvenile feathers, remaining featherless for several weeks until they died (N = 31) or grew juvenile (N = 3) or adult plumage (N = 145) before being released. The featherless African Penguin chicks took 16 days longer to reach the rehabilitation centerís standards for release than feathered chicks (t176 = -8.8, P < 0.00001). Likewise, the featherless wild Magellanic Penguin chicks (N = 13) lost their second coat of down, remaining featherless for several weeks; but those that survived to fledging all grew normal juvenile plumage (N = 4). Featherless Magellanic Penguin chicks grew more slowly and were smaller at fledgling age than most feathered chicks. The disorder in Africa and Argentina is new, rare, and more common in a rehabilitation center in Africa than in the wild. The cause of the feather loss is unknown, but the disorder results in slower growth, smaller fledglings, and appears to increase mortality in Magellanic Penguin chicks in the wild.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:African penguin, feather loss, Magellanic penguin, Spheniscus demersus, Spheniscus magellanicus
Research Division:Engineering
Research Group:Geomatic Engineering
Research Field:Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Ecosystem Assessment and Management
Objective Field:Ecosystem Assessment and Management at Regional or Larger Scales
Author:Villanueva, C (Ms Cecilia Villanueva)
ID Code:111637
Year Published:2010
Web of Science® Times Cited:8
Deposited By:Centre for Fisheries and Aquaculture
Deposited On:2016-09-27
Last Modified:2016-10-11
Downloads:0

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