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Science and exploration in the high interior of East Antarctica in the twentieth century


Gan, I and Drewry, D and Allison, I and Kotlyakov, V, Science and exploration in the high interior of East Antarctica in the twentieth century, Advances in Polar Science, 27, (2) pp. 1-13. ISSN 1674-9928 (2016) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright 2016 Advances in Polar Science

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DOI: doi:10.13679/j.advps.2016.2.00065


The highest part of the East Antarctic Ice Sheet, more than 4000 m above sea level, has been an area that has seen a considerable scientific research effort undertaken by the Chinese National Antarctic Research Expedition, and its international collaborators, since January 2005. That includes the establishment of the most remote of the Chinese Antarctic stations, Kunlun, at Dome A in 2009. However, the exploration and mapping of this region had been commenced many decades earlier, most notably by inland traverses of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics during the 1957–1958 International Geophysical Year (IGY) and later; and the extensive surveys of Antarctic surface and sub-ice topography by airborne radio-echo sounding made by the US National Science Foundation–Scott Polar Research Institute–Technical University of Denmark (NSF-SPRI-TUD) in the late-1960s and the 1970s. Here we provide a history of the activities and achievements of these earlier programs. Recent topographic maps of the ice sheet surface in the Dome A region, produced using Chinese GPS data and satellite altimetry, have shown the maps compiled from the earlier data were remarkably accurate.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:East Antarctica, Dome A, Gamburtsev Mountains, traverse, sub-glacial mapping, seismic, radio-echo
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Physical geography and environmental geoscience
Research Field:Glaciology
Objective Division:Environmental Policy, Climate Change and Natural Hazards
Objective Group:Understanding climate change
Objective Field:Understanding climate change not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Gan, I (Dr Irina Gan)
UTAS Author:Allison, I (Dr Ian Allison)
ID Code:111597
Year Published:2016
Deposited By:CRC-Antarctic Climate & Ecosystems
Deposited On:2016-09-25
Last Modified:2017-10-24

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