Comeros-Raynal, MT and Polidoro, BA and Broatch, J and Mann, BQ and Gorman, C and Buxton, CD and Goodpaster, AM and Iwatsuki, Y and MacDonald, TC and Pollard, D and Russell, B and Carpenter, KE, Key predictors of extinction risk in sea breams and porgies (Family: Sparidae), Biological Conservation, 202 pp. 88-98. ISSN 0006-3207 (2016) [Refereed Article]
© 2016 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Identiﬁcation, understanding and prediction of the factors that drive species to heightened risk of extinction are important goals for conservation, especially since few areas on the planet remain unaffected by human activities. Global extinction risk assessments of an entire family of ecologically complex marine ﬁshes (family: Sparidae), using the International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List process, showed that 8.6% (13 species) of sparids are threatened. Intense ﬁshing pressure and habitat destruction are the main reasons for the observed population declines. A further 7.9% (12 species) are classiﬁed as Near Threatened. The majority of the sparids (69.5%) are assessed as Least Concern, and these tended to have smaller body sizes, more widespread distributions, and shorter life spans. The remaining 21 species (13.9%) are listed as Data Deﬁcient. In addition to presenting the ﬁrst global assessment of sparid extinction risk, a Random Forest model identiﬁed correlates of extinction risk in the Sparidae using 33 biological and threat variables. The model correctly classiﬁed up to 90% of Red List category placements and showed complex interactions between intrinsic and extrinsic predictors. Larger body size was the most important predictor of extinction risk.
Sparids with greater maximum sizes, ages, and turnover rates are at higher extinction risk. Conversely, lower area of occupancy and depth limit confer elevated risk. This analysis adds to the growing body of predictive extinction risk models in marine ﬁshes and presents an opportunity to identify and mitigate threats affecting similar groups of highly-valued and ecologically important marine ﬁshes.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||extinction risk modeling, marine fishes, IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, marine conservation, random forest model|
|Research Division:||Environmental Sciences|
|Research Group:||Environmental Science and Management|
|Research Field:||Conservation and Biodiversity|
|Objective Group:||Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity|
|Objective Field:||Marine Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity|
|UTAS Author:||Buxton, CD (Professor Colin Buxton)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||7|
|Deposited By:||Sustainable Marine Research Collaboration|
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