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An evaluation of the accessibility of top-ranking university websites: Accessibility rates from 2005 to 2015

Citation

Alahmadi, T and Drew, S, An evaluation of the accessibility of top-ranking university websites: Accessibility rates from 2005 to 2015, There and back: Charting flexible pathways in open, mobile and distance education: Conference Proceedings, 17-20 April, 2016, Hamilton, NZ, pp. 224-233. (2016) [Refereed Conference Paper]


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Abstract

Accessibility evaluation is an important equity step in assessing effectiveness and usefulness of online learning materials for disabled students. With popular uptake of blended and online learning it is timely to evaluate the accessibility attained by universities in their websites and Learning Management Systems (LMS) .The present study considers this question for the period 2005 through 2015. Previous studies in this area have indicated that university websites have become gradually inaccessible, as the complexity of their content increases, and that the amount of attention being paid to this problem by the universities is low. This study employed a comparative quantitative method, and a random sample of universitiesí websites was evaluated using the accessibility evaluation tool designed by AChecker. The inclusion of the specific universities chosen for this study was based on their ranking in the world, and/or in the Oceania and Arab regions. Moreover, the evaluation is organised by page type: homepage, administration page or course description/syllabus page. Thus, through a statistical and empirical study, we demonstrated that there was no significant improvement in the accessibility of universitiesí web sites between 2005 and 2015. Furthermore, access to media and document files had the most influential accessibility errors. In addition, there were 27,308 (33%) total home page errors among the 180 evaluated pages from 60 of the top world, Oceania and Arab universitiesí sites. There are no significant differences in accessibility level between top-ranking universities in developed or developing countries. Therefore, with participation rate at universities expanding world-wide and equity being a common corporate theme there is a growing need for universities to commit to and responsibly address accessibility to online learning materials for disabled students.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Conference Paper
Keywords:accessibility, LMS, disabled student, evaluation tool, ACHECKER, Website
Research Division:Language, Communication and Culture
Research Group:Communication and Media Studies
Research Field:Communication Technology and Digital Media Studies
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in the Information and Computing Sciences
Author:Drew, S (Dr Steve Drew)
ID Code:111319
Year Published:2016
Deposited By:Tasmanian Institute of Learning & Teaching
Deposited On:2016-09-07
Last Modified:2017-12-02
Downloads:18 View Download Statistics

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