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Screening of paralytic shellfish toxins in freshwater cyanobacteria and chemical confirmation of the toxins in cultured Anabaena circinalis from Australia

Citation

Onodera, H and Oshima, Y and Watanabe, MF and Watanabe, M and Bolch, CJ and Blackburn, S and Yasumoto, T, Screening of paralytic shellfish toxins in freshwater cyanobacteria and chemical confirmation of the toxins in cultured Anabaena circinalis from Australia, Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Toxic Phytoplankton, 12-16 July 1995, Sendai, Japan, pp. 563-566. (1996) [Refereed Conference Paper]


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Abstract

Screening of paralytic shellfish toxins in various freshwater cyanobacterial samples was conducted by a simple systematic method using HPLC. Several samples gave peaks indistinguishable from the standard toxins, but all of them, except for Anabaena circinalis from Australia, were found to be negative by reinvestigation of the samples spiked with standards, with different post-column derivatization condition or with samples partially purified using reversed-phase cartridge and charcoal columns. An Australian isolate of An. circinalis was cultured on a large scale and its major toxins, C1, C2, gonyautoxin-2 and 3, were analyzed by mass spectrometry to determine the definite chemical confirmation as the toxins of this species. Toxin productivity of An. circinalis from a large scale culture was 5 times higher than that of the dinoflagellate Alexandrium tamarense culture from Japan.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Conference Paper
Keywords:cyanobacteria, PSP toxins, Australia, Anabaena circinalis
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Plant Biology
Research Field:Phycology (incl. Marine Grasses)
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Environmental and Natural Resource Evaluation
Objective Field:Rural Water Evaluation (incl. Water Quality)
Author:Bolch, CJ (Dr Christopher Bolch)
ID Code:111295
Year Published:1996
Deposited By:Centre for Ecology and Biodiversity
Deposited On:2016-09-07
Last Modified:2016-10-18
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