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Comparison of equations for dosing of medications in renal impairment

Citation

Khanal, A and Peterson, GM and Jose, MD and Castelino, RL, Comparison of equations for dosing of medications in renal impairment, Nephrology, 22, (6) pp. 470-477. ISSN 1320-5358 (2017) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

2016 Asian Pacific Society of Nephrology. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Khanal, A., Peterson, G. M., Jose, M. D., Castelino, R. L., 2017. Comparison of equations for dosing of medications in renal impairment, Nephrology, 22(6), 470-477., which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nep.12834. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.

DOI: doi:10.1111/nep.12834

Abstract

AIM: To determine the concordance among the Cockcroft-Gault, the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) and the CKD-Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equations in hypothetical dosing of renally cleared medications.

METHODS: A total of 2163 patients prescribed at least one of the 31 renally cleared drugs under review were included in the study. Kidney function was estimated using the three equations. We compared actual prescribed dosages of the same drug to recommended dosages based on the kidney function as calculated by each of the equations and applying dosing recommendations in the Australian Medicines Handbook.

RESULTS: There was a significant difference in the kidney function values estimated from the three equations (P < 0.001). Despite the good overall agreement in renal drug dosing, we found selected but potentially important discrepancies among the doses rendered from the equations. The CKD-EPI equation non-normalised for body surface area had a greater rate of concordance with the Cockcroft-Gault equation than the MDRD equation for renal drug dosing.

CONCLUSIONS: There is need for a long-term multi-centre study in a diverse population to define the clinical effects of the discrepancies among the equations for drug dosing. Given the greater concordance of the non-normalised CKD-EPI equation with the Cockcroft-Gault equation for dosing, the recommendation by Kidney Health Australia and the United States National Kidney Disease Education Program that "dosing based on either eCrCl or an eGFR with body surface area normalisation removed are acceptable" seems suitable and practicable for the purpose of dosing of non-critical drugs in the primary care setting.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Kidney function, Kidney function estimating equations, MDRD equation, CKD-EPI equation, Cockcroft-Gault equation, eGFR
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Clinical Sciences
Research Field:Nephrology and Urology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Urogenital System and Disorders
Author:Khanal, A (Ms Aarati Khanal)
Author:Peterson, GM (Professor Gregory Peterson)
Author:Jose, MD (Professor Matthew Jose)
Author:Castelino, RL (Dr Ronald Castelino)
ID Code:111228
Year Published:2017 (online first 2016)
Web of Science® Times Cited:1
Deposited By:Medicine (Discipline)
Deposited On:2016-09-06
Last Modified:2017-11-20
Downloads:0

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