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Crystal growth and molecular modeling studies of inhibition of struvite by phosphocitrate

Citation

Wierzbicki, A and Sallis, JD and Stevens, ED and Smith, MK and Sikes, CS, Crystal growth and molecular modeling studies of inhibition of struvite by phosphocitrate, Calcified Tissue International, 61, (3) pp. 216-222. ISSN 0171-967X (1997) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1007/s002239900326

Abstract

The inhibition by phosphocitrate of struvite crystal formation and growth has been examined in the present study. Crystal growth in a gel matrix was controlled by phosphocitrate in a dose-dependent manner. The effects of inhibition were followed using scanning electron microscopy, optical microscopy, and single crystal X-ray analysis. The presence of phosphocitrate induced very strong, crystal face specific inhibition of struvite, leading to total cessation of crystal growth when sufficient concentration of the inhibitor was made available. Crystal growth studies and results from molecular modeling indicated strong affinity of phosphocitrate to (101) faces of struvite. This in turn led to an alteration in the expression of these faces and the development of a characteristic arrowhead struvite morphology. Similar changes were not observed in the presence of identical concentrations of citrate, acetohydroxamic acid, and N-sulfo-2 amino tricarballylate (an analog of phosphocitrate), emphasizing the unique interaction of phosphocitrate with the struvite crystal lattice.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Chemical Sciences
Research Group:Physical Chemistry (incl. Structural)
Research Field:Colloid and Surface Chemistry
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Other Health
Objective Field:Health not elsewhere classified
Author:Sallis, JD (Dr John Sallis)
ID Code:11115
Year Published:1997
Web of Science® Times Cited:36
Deposited By:Biochemistry
Deposited On:1997-08-01
Last Modified:2011-08-11
Downloads:0

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