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Diodontidae: Porcupine fishes (burrfishes, spiny puffers)

Citation

Leis, JM, Diodontidae: Porcupine fishes (burrfishes, spiny puffers), The Living Marine Resources of the Eastern Central Atlantic, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, KE Carpenter, N De Angelis (ed), Rome, Italy, pp. 3074-3079. (2016) [Other Book Chapter]


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Abstract

Diagnostic characters: Small to medium-sized fishes to 1 m in length, commonly 20-50 cm. Body wide and capable of great inflation, covered with massive spines which may be quite long; spines with large bases, or roots, under the skin; long spines usually erectile and 2-rooted, short spines fixed in erect position by their 3-rooted bases. Head broad and blunt; gill opening a relatively small, vertical slit immediately before pectoral-fin base; nasal organ usually in small tentacles located in front of large eyes; mouth large, wide and terminal, teeth fused to form a strong, beak-like crushing structure without a median suture dividing the upper and lower jaws into left and right halves. Dorsal and anal fins without spines, set far back on body, and like caudal fin, generally rounded; most fin rays branched; bases of fins often thick and fleshy; no pelvic fins. Lateral line inconspicuous. No normal scales. Colour: background colour light tan to brown, but grey not uncommon; usually overlain with dark brown to black spots, bars and/or blotches; green overtones and yellowish spots may also be present. Undamaged spines covered with skin that continues colour pattern. Belly white, often with yellow overtone. A pelagic species is deep blue dorsally, and pelagic juveniles of other species may also be blue, but pelagic juveniles of some Chilomycterus species are yellow with dark, ring-shaped markings.

Item Details

Item Type:Other Book Chapter
Keywords:Eastern Central Atlantic, Diodontidae, porcupine fishes, diagnostic characteristics
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Ecology
Research Field:Ecological Physiology
Objective Division:Animal Production and Animal Primary Products
Objective Group:Fisheries - Wild Caught
Objective Field:Fisheries - Recreational
Author:Leis, JM (Dr Jeff Leis)
ID Code:111142
Year Published:2016
Deposited By:Centre for Ecology and Biodiversity
Deposited On:2016-08-31
Last Modified:2016-09-01
Downloads:0

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