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Sea ice extent, concentration, and duration [in “State of the Climate in 2015”]


Reid, P and Massom, RA and Stammerjohn, S and Barreira, S and Lieser, JL and Scambos, T, Sea ice extent, concentration, and duration [in 'State of the Climate in 2015'], Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97, (8) pp. S163-S166. ISSN 0003-0007 (2016) [Refereed Article]

PDF (Sub-chapter within the chapter on 'Antarctica' of the BAMS special issue 'State of the Climate 2015')

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DOI: doi:10.1175/2016BAMSStateoftheClimate.1


Net sea ice areal extent was well above average during the first few months of 2015 (Fig. 6.8a). Monthly record extents were observed in January (7.46 × 106 km2), April (9.06 × 106 km2), and May (12.1 × 106 km2). The January extent marked the highest departure from average for any month since records began in 1979, at 2.39 × 106 km2 above the 1981-2010 mean of 5.07 × 106 km2, or nearly 50% greater. These early season records follow on from the record high extent and late retreat of sea ice in 2014 (Reid et al. 2015). During the first half of 2015, there were 65 individual days of record daily sea ice extent, the last occurring on 11 July, and 46 record-breaking days of sea ice area within the first half of the year. However, the expansion of sea ice slowed so dramatically midyear that although sea ice area was at a record high level in May, it was at a record low level in August, just 83 days later (Fig. 6.8a). Close-to-average net sea ice extent levels were then observed in the latter half of 2015.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Antarctic sea ice, sea-ice extent, sea-ice concentration, 2015
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Physical geography and environmental geoscience
Research Field:Physical geography and environmental geoscience not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Environmental Policy, Climate Change and Natural Hazards
Objective Group:Understanding climate change
Objective Field:Effects of climate change on Antarctic and sub-Antarctic environments (excl. social impacts)
UTAS Author:Reid, P (Dr Phillip Reid)
UTAS Author:Massom, RA (Dr Robert Massom)
UTAS Author:Lieser, JL (Dr Jan Lieser)
ID Code:110719
Year Published:2016
Deposited By:CRC-Antarctic Climate & Ecosystems
Deposited On:2016-08-10
Last Modified:2017-10-24
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