Jayawardena, R and Byrne, NM and Soares, MJ and Katulanda, P and Hills, AP, Food consumption of Sri Lankan adults: an appraisal of serving characteristics, Public Health Nutrition, 16, (4) pp. 653-8. ISSN 1368-9800 (2013) [Refereed Article]
OBJECTIVE: The main aim of the present study was to identify food consumption in Sri Lankan adults based on serving characteristics.
DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. Fruits, vegetables, starch, meat, pulses, dairy products and added sugars in the diet were assessed with portion sizes estimated using standard methods.
SETTING: Twelve randomly selected clusters from the Sri Lanka Diabetes and Cardiovascular Study.
SUBJECTS: Six hundred non-institutionalized adults.
RESULTS: The daily intake of fruit (0·43), vegetable (1·73) and dairy (0·39) portions were well below national recommendations. Only 3·5 % of adults consumed the recommended 5 portions of fruits and vegetables/d; over a third of the population consumed no dairy products and fewer than 1 % of adults consumed 2 portions/d. In contrast, Sri Lankan adults consumed over 14 portions of starch and 3·5 portions of added sugars daily. Almost 70 % of those studied exceeded the upper limit of the recommendations for starch intake. The total daily number of meat and pulse portions was 2·78.
CONCLUSIONS: Dietary guidelines emphasize the importance of a balanced and varied diet; however, a substantial proportion of the Sri Lankan population studied failed to achieve such a recommendation. Nutrition-related diseases in the country may be closely correlated with unhealthy eating habits.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Research Division:||Medical and Health Sciences|
|Research Group:||Public Health and Health Services|
|Research Field:||Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified|
|Objective Group:||Other Health|
|Objective Field:||Health not elsewhere classified|
|UTAS Author:||Hills, AP (Professor Andrew Hills)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||23|
|Deposited By:||Health Sciences|
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