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'Small changes' to diet and physical activity behaviors for weight management


Hills, AP and Byrne, NM and Lindstrom, R and Hill, JO, 'Small changes' to diet and physical activity behaviors for weight management, Obesity facts, 6, (3) pp. 228-38. ISSN 1662-4025 (2013) [Refereed Article]


Copyright Statement

Copyright 2013 S. Karger GmbH, Freiburg. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0)

DOI: doi:10.1159/000345030


Obesity is associated with numerous short- and long-term health consequences. Low levels of physical activity and poor dietary habits are consistent with an increased risk of obesity in an obesogenic environment. Relatively little research has investigated associations between eating and activity behaviors by using a systems biology approach and by considering the dynamics of the energy balance concept. A significant body of research indicates that a small positive energy balance over time is sufficient to cause weight gain in many individuals. In contrast, small changes in nutrition and physical activity behaviors can prevent weight gain. In the context of weight management, it may be more feasible for most people to make small compared to large short-term changes in diet and activity. This paper presents a case for the use of small and incremental changes in diet and physical activity for improved weight management in the context of a toxic obesogenic environment.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Health services and systems
Research Field:Health services and systems not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public health (excl. specific population health)
Objective Field:Behaviour and health
UTAS Author:Hills, AP (Professor Andrew Hills)
UTAS Author:Byrne, NM (Professor Nuala Byrne)
ID Code:110642
Year Published:2013
Web of Science® Times Cited:60
Deposited By:Health Sciences
Deposited On:2016-08-08
Last Modified:2017-11-06
Downloads:200 View Download Statistics

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