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Coping and Problem Solving of Self-Mutilators

Citation

Haines, J and Williams, CL, Coping and Problem Solving of Self-Mutilators, Journal of Clinical Psychology, 53, (2) pp. 177-186. ISSN 0021-9762 (1997) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1002/(SICI)1097-4679(199702)53:2<177::AID-JCLP11>3.3.CO;2-2

Abstract

People who self-mutilate have been hypothesized to have deficient skills in coping and problem-solving that leave them vulnerable to the adoption of self-mutilation as a coping strategy. This hypothesis was tested using male incarcerated self-mutilators with comparisons being made with non-mutilating, prisoner, and non-prisoner control groups. Examination of the inherent resources which enable an individual to effectively cope with stress demonstrated a depressed score for self-mutilators on the scale measuring self-worth and optimism about life. Assessment of the strategies used to cope with real problems demonstrated that self-mutilators engage in more problem avoidance behaviors. Self-mutilators also recorded less perceived control over problem-solving options. The results are discussed in terms of the effectiveness of self-mutilation as a coping strategy and the need to adopt a multidimensional approach to the investigation of coping.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Research Group:Psychology
Research Field:Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Other Health
Objective Field:Health not elsewhere classified
Author:Haines, J (Dr Janet Haines)
Author:Williams, CL (Dr Christopher Williams)
ID Code:11060
Year Published:1997
Web of Science® Times Cited:51
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:1997-08-01
Last Modified:2011-08-11
Downloads:0

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