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Remote bioenergetics measurements in wild fish: opportunities and challenges

Citation

Cooke, SJ and Brownscombe, JW and Raby, GD and Broell, F and Hinch, SG and Clark, TD and Semmens, JM, Remote bioenergetics measurements in wild fish: opportunities and challenges, Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology: Part A, 202 pp. 23-37. ISSN 1095-6433 (2016) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

© 2016 Elsevier

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.cbpa.2016.03.022

Abstract

The generalized energy budget for fish (i.e., Energy Consumed = Metabolism + Waste + Growth) is as relevant today as when it was first proposed decades ago and serves as a foundational concept in fish biology. Yet, generating accurate measurements of components of the bioenergetics equation in wild fish is a major challenge. How often does a fish eat and what does it consume? How much energy is expended on locomotion? How do human-induced stressors influence energy acquisition and expenditure? Generating answers to these questions is important to fisheries management and to our understanding of adaptation and evolutionary processes. The advent of electronic tags (transmitters and data loggers) has provided biologists with improved opportunities to understand bioenergetics in wild fish. Here, we review the growing diversity of electronic tags with a focus on sensor-equipped devices that are commercially available (e.g., heart rate/electrocardiogram, electromyogram, acceleration, image capture). Next, we discuss each component of the bioenergetics model, recognizing that most research to date has focused on quantifying the activity component of metabolism, and identify ways in which the other, less studied components (e.g., consumption, specific dynamic action component of metabolism, somatic growth, reproductive investment, waste) could be estimated remotely. We conclude with a critical but forward-looking appraisal of the opportunities and challenges in using existing and emerging electronic sensor-tags for the study of fish energetics in the wild. Electronic tagging has become a central and widespread tool in fish ecology and fisheries management; the growing and increasingly affordable toolbox of sensor tags will ensure this trend continues, which will lead to major advances in our understanding of fish biology over the coming decades.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:biologging, biotelemetry, energetics, energy budget, metabolism, remote, swimming
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Zoology
Research Field:Animal Physiological Ecology
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Objective Field:Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity at Regional or Larger Scales
Author:Clark, TD (Dr Timothy Clark)
Author:Semmens, JM (Associate Professor Jayson Semmens)
ID Code:110532
Year Published:2016
Web of Science® Times Cited:9
Deposited By:Centre for Fisheries and Aquaculture
Deposited On:2016-08-01
Last Modified:2017-10-31
Downloads:0

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