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Online friendship, romance, and sex: properties and associations of the Online Relationship Initiation Scale


Harris, KM and Aboujaoude, E, Online friendship, romance, and sex: properties and associations of the Online Relationship Initiation Scale, CyberPsychology, Behavior and Social Networking, 19, (8) pp. 487-493. ISSN 2152-2715 (2016) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2016 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.

DOI: doi:10.1089/cyber.2016.0164


Online relationships are increasingly central to many people's lives. As a result, there is a growing need to scientifically examine their psychosocial implications. This study developed and tested the Online Relationship Initiation Scale (ORIS) through classical and item response theory analyses to address this need. An anonymous online survey included 713 adults, aged 1871 years. The ORIS was tested on psychometric properties and examined for associations with gender and several standardized psychosocial measures. Results demonstrated unidimensionality of nine items, strong factor loadings, and high internal consistency (α = 0.90, ωt = 0.94). All items captured significant information on the latent trait and none showed differential item functioning by sex, age group, or ethnicity. General linear modeling confirmed hypotheses that men were more likely than women to initiate online relationships. Online relationship initiation was not strongly associated with perceived social support, but was positively related to financial distress, and willingness to engage in infidelity or unprotected sex. The ORIS was negatively associated with age and satisfaction with life and showed modest interactions with ethnicity and hours online. This study provided empirical evidence for an interpersonal relationship initiation construct. The ORIS was shown to be a psychometrically sound instrument for evaluating online interpersonal behaviors and their associations with psychosocial and demographic factors. Such psychometrically sound instruments can be useful in exploring online interpersonal behaviors and their significance.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:internet, online behaviors, relationship development, sex differences, gender, scale development
Research Division:Psychology
Research Group:Clinical and health psychology
Research Field:Health psychology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Provision of health and support services
Objective Field:Mental health services
UTAS Author:Harris, KM (Dr Keith Harris)
ID Code:110305
Year Published:2016
Web of Science® Times Cited:6
Deposited By:Medicine
Deposited On:2016-07-24
Last Modified:2018-05-04

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