Ng, SK and Burdon, KP and Fitzgerald, JT and Zhou, T and Fogarty, R and Souzeau, E and Landers, J and Mills, RA and Casson, RJ and Ridge, B and Graham, SL and Hewitt, AW and Mackey, DA and Healey, PR and Wang, JJ and Mitchell, P and MacGregor, S and Craig, JE, Genetic association at the 9p21 glaucoma locus contributes to sex bias in normal-tension glaucoma, Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 57, (7) pp. 3416-3421. ISSN 1552-5783 (2016) [Refereed Article]
Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
METHODS: Sex was assessed as a risk factor for POAG for 2241 glaucoma participants from the Australian and New Zealand Registry of Advanced Glaucoma, the Glaucoma Inheritance Study in Tasmania, and the Flinders Medical Centre. A total of 3176 controls were drawn from the Blue Mountains Eye Study and South Australia: 1523 advanced POAG and 718 nonadvanced POAG cases were genotyped along with 3176 controls. We selected 13 SNPs at the 9p21 locus, and association results were subanalyszd by sex for high-tension glaucoma (HTG) and NTG. Odds ratios (ORs) between sexes were compared.
RESULTS: A sex bias was present within advanced NTG cases (57.1% female versus 42.9% male, P = 0.0026). In all POAG cases, the strongest associated SNP at 9p21 was rs1063192 (OR, 1.43; P = 4 × 10-18). This association was stronger in females (OR, 1.5; P = 5 × 10-13) than in males (OR, 1.35; P = 7 × 10-7), with a statistically significant difference in female to male OR comparison (P = 1.0 × 10-2). An NTG to HTG subanalysis yielded statistically significant results only in females (OR, 1.63; P = 1.5 × 10-4) but not in males (OR, 1.15; P = 2.8 × 10-1), with a statistically significant difference in female to male OR comparison (P = 1.4 × 10-4).
CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that female sex is a risk factor for developing advanced NTG. The stronger genetic signals at the 9p21 locus among females may contribute at least in part to the observed sex bias for NTG.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||9p21, primary open-angle glaucoma, normal-tension glaucoma, sex specific, sex bias|
|Research Division:||Biomedical and Clinical Sciences|
|Research Group:||Ophthalmology and optometry|
|Objective Group:||Clinical health|
|Objective Field:||Clinical health not elsewhere classified|
|UTAS Author:||Burdon, KP (Professor Kathryn Burdon)|
|UTAS Author:||Hewitt, AW (Professor Alex Hewitt)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||15|
|Deposited By:||Menzies Institute for Medical Research|
|Downloads:||159 View Download Statistics|
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