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Physical Activity and Development and Obesity

Citation

Hills, AP and Street, SJ and Soan, EJ and Mokhtar, N and Byrne, N, Physical Activity and Development and Obesity, Current Obesity Reports, 2, (3) pp. 261-266. ISSN 2162-4968 (2013) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

DOI: doi:10.1007/s13679-013-0060-0

Abstract

Regular physical activity is consistent with better health including body composition status. More commonly, studies of physical activity and health have focused on the adult years when poor health as a consequence of inappropriate lifestyle behaviors, becomes more evident. In recent years, greater attention has been paid to developmental aspects of health and disease. This includes the notion that early life experiences or exposures to nutrition and movement and subsequent physical activity and exercise behaviors are related to phenotypic changes including predisposition to overweight and obesity at younger ages. The current obesogenic environment is characterized by the coexistence of overnutrition and low levels of physical activity, a situation that has been referred to as an evolutionary mismatch. Overweight and obesity are commonplace at all stages of the lifespan, including during the reproductive years with the prevalence of maternal obesity and gestational diabetes mellitus increasing rapidly along with obesity and diabetes in their offspring. There is an urgent need for effective strategies to break this cycle, ideally by optimizing physical activity and healthy eating in adolescents and young mothers to increase the opportunity of healthy growth and development, including healthy body composition, in infants and young children.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Obesity, Exercise, Developmental Nutrition, Evolutionary mismatch, Body composition, Obesogenic, Diabetes, Metabolic, Physical activity
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Human Movement and Sports Science
Research Field:Exercise Physiology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Other Health
Objective Field:Health not elsewhere classified
Author:Hills, AP (Professor Andrew Hills)
Author:Street, SJ (Dr Steven Street)
Author:Byrne, N (Professor Nuala Byrne)
ID Code:109877
Year Published:2013
Deposited By:Health Sciences
Deposited On:2016-07-06
Last Modified:2017-11-07
Downloads:0

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